Auvergne facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsAuvergne
|Area||26,013 km² (10,044 sq mi)|
|Density||52 /km² (135 /sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha / Auvèrnhe) is a former administrative region of France. It is now part of the administrative region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. It is in the Massif Central in south-central France. The inhabitants of the region are known as Auvergnats.
The Auvergne region has an area of 26,013 km2 (10,044 sq mi), 4.8% of France's total surface area. It was surrounded by six other former regions: Burgundy to the northeast, Rhône-Alpes to the east and to the southeast, Languedoc-Roussillon to the south, Midi-Pyrénées to the southwest, Limousin to the west and Centre-Val de Loire to the northwest.
|Centre-Val de Loire||Burgundy|
The landscape of the region varies greatly, with valleys, mountain, meadows and forests. Much of the regions is in the Massif Central, a high region in south-central France with mountains and plateaus.
There are many dormant volcanoes (volcanoes that are not active) in Auvergne, mainly in the Monts Dore and in the Chaîne des Puys. The highest point in Auvergne is the Puy de Sancy ( ), at 1,885 m (6,184 ft) high.
Auvergne has about 50 freshwater ponds and lakes. Some are high in the mountains and have volcanic origins. The Guéry Lake is, at 1,244 m (4,081 ft) high in the Puy-de-Dôme department, the highest lake in Auvergne.
The main rivers of the region are the:
- Loire, that runs through the Haute-Loire in the southeast and then, after returning from the Rhône-Alpes region, makes the northeastern border of the Allier department; and
- Allier, that runs though the centre of the region.
The Auvergne region was formed by four departments:
The Auvergne region had a population, in 2012, of 1,354,104, for a population density of 52.1 inhabitants/km2.
The ten main cities in the department are:
The region is predominantly agricultural. Cattle are common and are used both for meat (beef) and for milk, which is made into a number of well-known cheeses such as Bleu d'Auvergne, Cantal, Fourme d'Ambert and Saint-Nectaire.
Valley to the east of Noyant-d'Allier.
Making hay, Vallée de la Maronne, Cantal.
Bouchet lake, Haute-Loire.
Guéry Lake, Puy-de-Dôme.
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Auvergne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.