Montluçon facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Palace of the Dukes of Bourbon, Montluçon.
|Canton||Chief town of 4 cantons|
|20.67 km2 (7.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,841.9/km2 (4,770.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||194–364 m (636–1,194 ft)
(avg. 279 m or 915 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Montluçon is a commune in central France on the Cher river. It is the largest commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, although the department's préfecture is in the smaller town of Moulins.
Montluçon was built in the Middle Ages. The first mention of a place called Monte Lucii is from the eleventh century. Guillaume, son of Archambaud IV of Bourbon, built a castle on a small rocky hill on the Cher river.
In the 14th century, Louis II de Bourbon re-built the castle and walls of the town. Montluçon and other Burgundian lands went back to the French crown in 1529, and Henry IV further improved the defenses. La commune de Montluçon is on the northwestern part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, on the northern part of the Massif Central; it is on the Cher river. It has an area of 20.67 km2 (7.98 sq mi) and its average altitude is 279 m (915 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 207 m (679 ft)..
With a population of 38,072, Montluçon is the largest city of the Allier department. It has a population density of 1,842 inhabitants/km2.
The inhabitants of Montluçon are known, in French, as Montluçonnais (women: Montluçonnaises).
Places of interest
Some interesting places in Montluçon are:
- The Church of Saint-Pierre (Église Saint-Pierre de Montluçon) is a Roman Catholic church built in the 12th century, with a Romanesque architecture.
- The Church of Notre-Dame (Église Notre-Dame de Montluçon), another Roman Catholic church built in the 15th century, with a Gothic architecture.
- The Dukes of Bourbon castle (Château des ducs de Bourbon) is a castle. It was built beginning in 1070.
- Marx Dormoy (1888-1941), politician.
- André Messager (1853–1929), composer.
- Audrey Tautou (1976-), actress, was raised in Montluçon.
Montluçon is twinned with:
Montluçon Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.