Gard facts for kids
Prefecture building of the Gard department, in Nîmes
Location of Gard in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• Total||5,852.8 km2 (2,259.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||125.7567/km2 (325.7084/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-30|
Gard is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was divided in 8 districts: Alais, Beaucaire, Nîmes, Pont-Saint-Esprit, Saint-Hippolyte, Sommières, Uzès and Le Vigan. The capital was Nîmes alternating with Alais and Uzès. In 1794, Nîmes became the only capital.
With the creation of the arrondissements, the 8 districts became four arrondissements: Nîmes, Alais, Uzès and Le Vigan. In 1926, the arrondissement of Uzès was eliminated.
The department borders with 6 other departments in 3 regions:
- Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
- Ardèche (north)
There are 4 natural regions in Gard:
- The Cévennes, a mountain chain that is part of the Massif Central. It is between the Lozère and Gard departments.
- The Garrigues, a natural region found in the Hérault and Gard departments. It is formed by hills and plateaus of limestone.
- The Costières, a natural region of the Gard department found to the south of Nîmes.
- The low region formed by the plains of the Rhone river and those along the coast.
The average temperature for the year in Nîmes, at an altitude of 60 m (200 ft), is 14.4 °C (57.9 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.1 °C (43.0 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Nîmes is 690.9 mm (27.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 106.7 mm (4.2 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 25.4 mm (1.0 in).
|303||Le Vigan||Le Vigan||36,608||1,398.5||26.2||75|
- Aigues-Mortes (3001)
- Alès-1 (3002)
- Alès-2 (3003)
- Alès-3 (3004)
- Bagnols-sur-Cèze (3005)
- Beaucaire (3006)
- Calvisson (3007)
- La Grand-Combe (3008)
- Marguerittes (3009)
- Nîmes-1 (3010)
- Nîmes-2 (3011)
- Nîmes-3 (3012)
- Nîmes-4 (3013)
- Pont-Saint-Esprit (3014)
- Quissac (3015)
- Redessan (3016)
- Roquemaure (3017)
- Rousson (3018)
- Saint-Gilles (3019)
- Uzès (3020)
- Vauvert (3021)
- Le Vigan (3022)
- Villeneuve-lès-Avignon (3023)
The inhabitants of Gard are known, in French, as Gardois (women: Gardoises).
Gard has a population, in 2014, of 736,029, for a population density of 125.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nîmes, with 547,598 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Alès and Le Vigan, have respectively 151,823 and 36,608 inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Aude
The 10 most important cities in the department are:
Images for kids
Gard Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.