Villefranche-de-Rouergue facts for kids

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Vue Villefranche-de-Rouergue 271206.jpg
Villefranche from St-Jean d'Aigremont
Coat of arms of Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Canton Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Intercommunality Villefranchois
Mayor Serge Roques
Elevation 237–544 m (778–1,785 ft)
(avg. 391 m or 1,283 ft*)
Land area1 45.85 km2 (17.70 sq mi)
Population2 11,909  (2013)
 - Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12300/ 12200
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

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Villefranche-de-Rouergue (Occitan: Vilafranca de Roergue) is a commune in southern France in the region of Midi-Pyrénées. It is the sous-prefecture (capital) of the arrondissement of the same name in the Aveyron department.


In 1252, Alphonse de Poitiers, Count of Toulouse, sent Jean d'Arcis, Seneschal of Rouergue, to build a city along the Aveyron as a new capital for Rouergue (an old French province): Villefranche-de-Rouergue. From 1369 to the French Revolution, Villefranche-de-Rouergue was the capital of Rouergue.


Villefranche-de-Rouergue is in the valley of the Aveyron river along the line that separates the Causses (limestone plateaus) from the Ségala geographical region.

There are mines of copper, lead, tin, iron and silver.

The Alzou river joins in the city, as a right tributary, the Aveyron river.

Villefranche-de-Rouergue has an area of 45.85 km2 (17.70 sq mi) and its average altitude is 290 m (950 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 323 m (1,060 ft)..

Map of the commune Villefranche-de-Rouergue

Villefranche-de-Rouergue is surrounded by the communes Saint-Rémy, Maleville, La Bastide-l'Évêque, Morlhon-le-Haut, Sanvensa, La Rouquette, Savignac and Toulonjac.


The climate of Villefranche-de-Rouergue, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.


With a population in 2012 of 11,909, Villefranche-de-Rouergue has a population density is of 259.7 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Villefranche-de-Rouergue are known, in French, as Villefranchois (women: Villefranchoises).

Sister cities

Villefranche-de-Rouergue is twinned with:


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Villefranche-de-Rouergue Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.