Tarn-et-Garonne facts for kids

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Tarn-et-Garonne
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Flag of Tarn-et-Garonne
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Tarn-et-Garonne in France
Location of Tarn-et-Garonne in France
Country France
Region Occitanie
Département 4 November 1808
Area
 • Total 3,718.3 km2 (1,435.6 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 250,342
 • Density 67.3270/km2 (174.3761/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tarn-et-Garonais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-82
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 15
Communes 195
Website Official website

Tarn-et-Garonne is a department in the southwest of France, in the Occitanie region. It is named after the Garonne river and its tributary Tarn. Its prefecture and largest city is Montauban.

History

Tarn-et-Garonne is not one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created on 4 November 1808 during the First French Empire by Napoleon I.

It was formed out of territories belonging to neighboring areas. More than half of the territory was taken from the Lot (including Montauban and Moissac), over one-third was taken from Haute-Garonne (including Castelsarrasin), and the rest from the departments of Lot-et-Garonne, Gers, and Aveyron.

The new department had three arrondissements: Montauban, Castelsarrasin and Moissac. The prefecture was Montauban. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Moissac was eliminated.

Geography

Tarn-et-Garonne

Tarn-et-Garonne is part of the Occitanie region. It has an area of 3,718.3 km2 (1,436 sq mi).

The department borders with 6 departments:

The highest point in the department, at 504 m (1,654 ft), is the Puech des Carts - Sommet Nord (44°14′43″N 1°57′13″E / 44.24528°N 1.95361°E / 44.24528; 1.95361 (Puech des Carts)), in the commune of Castanet.

Even if Tarn-et-Garonne is one of the smallest departments of Metropolitan France, there is a great diversity of landscapes in the department; for example, the plains between the Tarn and Garonne rivers and in the valley of the Aveyron river, the hills of the Lomagne region (southwest of the department) and in the north, including the Causse (a limestone plateau) of the northeast.

The main rivers in the department are the Garonne and its tributaries Tarn and Aveyron.

Climate

The climate of Montauban is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Montauban is 708.7 mm (27.9 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 48.3 mm (1.9 in).

The average temperature for the year in Montauban is 13.6 °C (56.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.6 °C (42.1 °F).

Administration

Tarn-et-Garonne is managed by the General Council of Tarn-et-Garonne in Montauban. The department is part of the region of Occitanie.

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 195 communes (municipalities) in Tarn-et-Garonne.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
821 Castelsarrasin Castelsarrasin 75,975 1,601.5 47.4 103
822 Montauban Montauban 170,996 2,116.8 80.8 92

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Tarn-et-Garonne department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  • Aveyron-Lère
  • Beaumont-de-Lomagne
  • Castelsarrasin
  • Garonne-Lomagne-Brulhois
  • Moissac
  • Montauban-1
  • Montauban-2
  • Montauban-3
  • Montech
  • Pays de Serres Sud-Quercy
  • Quercy-Aveyron
  • Quercy-Rouergue
  • Tarn-Tescou-Quercy vert
  • Valence
  • Verdun-sur-Garonne

Demographics

The inhabitants of Tarn-et-Garonne are known, in French, as Tarn-et-Garonnais (women: Tarn-et-Garonnaises).

As of 2013, Tarn-et-Garonne had a population of 250,342, for a population density of 67.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Montauban, with 170,996 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Castelsarrasin has 75,975 inhabitants.

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Montauban (57,921). The subprefecture of Castelsarrasin has 13,739 inhabitants.

The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Montauban 57,921 Montauban
Castelsarrasin 13,739 Castelsarrasin
Moissac 12,564 Castelsarrasin
Caussade 6,753 Montauban
Montech 6,072 Montauban
Nègrepelisse 5,439 Montauban
Valence 5,174 Castelsarrasin

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