kids encyclopedia robot

Lot-et-Garonne facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Lot-et-Garonne
Department
Prefecture building of the Lot-et-Garonne department, in Agen
Prefecture building of the Lot-et-Garonne department, in Agen
Flag of Lot-et-Garonne
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Lot-et-Garonne in France
Location of Lot-et-Garonne in France
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 5,360.9 km2 (2,069.9 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 333,234
 • Density 62.1601/km2 (160.9939/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Lot-et-Garonnais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-47
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 21
Communes 319
Website www.lotetgaronne.fr

Lot-et-Garonne (Occitan: Òlt e Garona) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers.

History

Lot-et-Garonne was formed during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with parts of the old provinces of Guyenne and Gascony. It was divided into nine districts: Agen, Nérac, Marmande, Tonneins, Villeneuve, Lauzun, Monflanquin, Casteljaloux and Valence.

Agen and Aiguillon were alternatively the capital of the department but in 1791 it was decided that only Agen would be the capital.

Several of the original southeastern cantons in the arrondissements of Agen and Villeneuve-sur-Lot were separated from it in 1808 to become a part of the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne.

Geography

Lot-et-Garonne is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, southwestern France, with an area of 5,360.9 km2 (2,070 sq mi).

The departement is surrounded by two regions and six departments:

The main rivers in the Lot-et-Garonne are the Garonne river that flows through the south central part of the department, and the Lot river that flows through the northern regions of the department before joining, as a right tributary, the Garonne near the Aiguillon commune.

Other river is the Baïse, a left tributary of the Garonne.

In the west of the department, mainly in the arrondissement of Nérac, there is a forest of maritime pine like in the Landes department.

Climate

The climate of Estillac, where is the Agen La Garenne Airport, is Marine West Coast Climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with mild winters and warm summers.

The average temperature for the year in Estillac is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.5 °C (70.7 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.7 °C (42.3 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Estillac is 845.8 mm (33.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 83.8 mm (3.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is April with an average of 55.9 mm (2.2 in).

Administration

The department is managed by the Departamental Council of Lot-et-Garonne in Agen. Lot-et-Garonne is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 21 cantons and 319 communes (municipalities) in Lot-et-Garonne.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2014)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
471 Agen Agen 120,235 1,013.3 118.7 71
472 Marmande Marmande 83,245 1,387.7 60.0 98
473 Villeneuve-sur-Lot Villeneuve-sur-Lot 90,527 1,559.7 58.0 92
474 Nérac Nérac 39,227 1,400.3 28.0 58

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Lot-et-Garonne department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Agen-1 (4701)
  2. Agen-2 (4702)
  3. Agen-3 (4703)
  4. Agen-4 (4704)
  5. L'Albret (4705)
  6. Le Confluent (4706)
  7. Les Coteaux de Guyenne (4707)
  8. Les Forêts de Gascogne (4708)
  9. Le Fumélois (4709)
  10. Le Haut Agenais Périgord (4710)
  11. Lavardac (4711)
  12. Le Livradais (4712)
  13. Marmande-1 (4713)
  14. Marmande-2 (4714)
  15. L'Ouest agenais (4715)
  16. Le Pays de Serres (4716)
  17. Le Sud-Est agenais (4717)
  18. Tonneins (4718)
  19. Le Val du Dropt (4719)
  20. Villeneuve-sur-Lot-1 (4720)
  21. Villeneuve-sur-Lot-2 (4721)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Lot-et-Garonne are known, in French, as Lot-et-Garonnais (women: Lot-et-Garonnaises).

The department of Lot-et-Garonne has a population, in 2014, of 333,234, for a population density of 62.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Agen, with 120,235 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other three, Marmande, Villeneuve-sur-Lot and Nérac, have respectively 83,245, 90,527 and 39,227 inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in Lot-et-Garonne

The 10 main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Agen 34,126 Agen
Villeneuve-sur-Lot 23,263 Villeneuve-sur-Lot
Marmande 17,748 Marmande
Le Passage 9,546 Agen
Tonneins 8,973 Marmande
Nérac 7,085 Nérac
Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot 6,190 Villeneuve-sur-Lot
Bon-Encontre 6,166 Agen
Boé 5,552 Agen
Foulayronnes 5,262 Agen

Gallery

Related pages

Images for kids

kids search engine
Lot-et-Garonne Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.