Lot-et-Garonne facts for kids

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Lot-et-Garonne
Department
Prefecture building of the Lot-et-Garonne department, in Agen
Prefecture building of the Lot-et-Garonne department, in Agen
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Lot-et-Garonne in France
Location of Lot-et-Garonne in France
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Area
 • Total 5,360.9 km2 (2,069.9 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 333,180
 • Density 62.1500/km2 (160.968/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Lot-et-Garonnais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-47
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 21
Communes 319
Website www.lotetgaronne.fr

Lot-et-Garonne (Occitan: Òlt e Garona) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers.

History

Lot-et-Garonne was formed during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with parts of the old provinces of Guyenne and Gascony. It was divided into nine districts: Agen, Nérac, Marmande, Tonneins, Villeneuve, Lauzun, Monflanquin, Casteljaloux and Valence.

Agen and Aiguillon were alternatively the capital of the department but in 1791 it was decided that only Agen would be the capital.

Several of the original southeastern cantons in the arrondissements of Agen and Villeneuve-sur-Lot were separated from it in 1808 to become a part of the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne.

Geography

Lot-et-Garonne is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, southwestern France, with an area of 5,360.9 km2 (2,070 sq mi).

The department is bordered by the departments: Dordogne to the north, Lot to the northeast, Tarn-et-Garonne to the east, Gers to the south, Landes to the southwest and Gironde to the west.

The main rivers in the Lot-et-Garonne are the Garonne river that flows through the south central part of the department, and the Lot river that flows through the northern regions of the department before joining, as a right tributary, the Garonne near the Aiguillon commune.

Other river is the Baïse, a left tributary of the Garonne.

In the west of the department, mainly in the arrondissement of Nérac, there is a forest of maritime pine like in the Landes department.

Administration

The department is managed by the General Council of Lot-et-Garonne in Agen. Lot-et-Garonne is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 21 cantons and 319 communes (municipalities) in Lot-et-Garonne.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2013)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
471 Agen Agen 120,099 1,013.3 118.5 71
472 Marmande Marmande 83,124 1,387.7 59.9 98
473 Villeneuve-sur-Lot Villeneuve-sur-Lot 90,820 1,559.7 58.2 92
474 Nérac Nérac 39,137 1,400.3 27.9 58

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Lot-et-Garonne department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Agen-1
  2. Agen-2
  3. Agen-3
  4. Agen-4
  5. L'Albret
  6. Le Confluent
  7. Les Coteaux de Guyenne
  8. Les Forêts de Gascogne
  9. Le Fumélois
  10. Le Haut Agenais Périgord
  11. Lavardac
  12. Le Livradais
  13. Marmande-1
  14. Marmande-2
  15. L'Ouest agenais
  16. Le Pays de Serres
  17. Le Sud-Est agenais
  18. Tonneins
  19. Le Val du Dropt
  20. Villeneuve-sur-Lot-1
  21. Villeneuve-sur-Lot-2

Demographics

The inhabitants of Lot-et-Garonne are known, in French, as Lot-et-Garonnais (women: Lot-et-Garonnaises).

The department of Lot-et-Garonne has a population, in 2013, of 333,180, for a population density of 62.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Agen, with 120,099 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other three, Marmande, Villeneuve-sur-Lot and Nérac, have respectively 83,124, 90,820 and 39,137 inhabitants.

The 10 main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2013)
Arrondissement
Agen 34,344 Agen
Villeneuve-sur-Lot 23,462 Villeneuve-sur-Lot
Marmande 18,028 Marmande
Le Passage 9,484 Agen
Tonneins 8,914 Marmande
Nérac 7,070 Nérac
Sainte-Livrade-sur-Lot 6,132 Villeneuve-sur-Lot
Bon-Encontre 6,212 Agen
Boé 5,486 Agen
Fumel 5,074 Villeneuve-sur-Lot

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