kids encyclopedia robot

Cahors facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Cahors
Prefecture and commune
Valentré bridge
Valentré bridge
Flag of Cahors
Flag
Coat of arms of Cahors
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Lot
Arrondissement Cahors
Canton Cahors-1
Cahors-2
Cahors-3
Intercommunality Le Grand Cahors
Area1 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi)
Population (2014) 19,630
 • Density 270.83/km2 (701.46/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Cadurciens
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
INSEE/Postal code 46042 /46000
Elevation 105–332 m (344–1,089 ft)
(avg. 122 m or 400 ft)
Website www.mairie-cahors.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Cahors (Occitan: Caors) is a commune in southwestern France. Located in the region of Occitanie, it is the prefecture (capital) of the Lot department. It is also the capital of 3 cantons: Cahors-1, Cahors-2 and Cahors-3.

Cahors was the capital of the old province of Quercy and the people of this city are known, in French, as cadurciens (women: cadurciennes); this name comes from the old name of the city, Carduca.

History

Cahors is an ancient town. The people that inhabited the area at the time of the Roman conquest were called Carduci and so the Romans named the town as Divona or Divona Cadurcorum, "Divona of the Cadurci"; Divona was a source of water, now called "fontaine des Chartreux". The word Cahors comes from Cadurcorum.

Geography

Cahors is located in the southwest of France, in the old province of Quercy, in the valley of the Lot river, and is found in a peninsula (French: presqu'île) formed by an U-shaped meander of that river which gives its name to the department.

It has an area of 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi) and its average altitude is 219 m (719 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 122 m (400 ft).

Cahors and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Cahors

The commune is at 115 km (71 mi) north of Toulouse and is surrounded by the communes Mercuès, Calamane, Pradines, Arcambal, Lamagdelaine, Laroque-des-Arcs, Trespoux-Rassiels, Labastide-Marnhac, Le Montat and Flaujac-Poujols.

Climate

The climate of Cahors, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.

Population

With a population of 19,630, Cahors has a population density of 271 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Cahors

Cahors forms, together with the commune Pradines, the urban area of Cahors, with a population of 23,090 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 81.2 km2 (31.4 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Cahors, formed by 44 communes with a population of 44,255 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 712.9 km2 (275.3 sq mi).

Administration

Cahors is the prefecture of the Lot department, the capital of the arrondissement of Cahors and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the Cahors-1, Cahors-2 and Cahors-3 cantons.

It is part of the intercommunality Le Grand Cahors (French: Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Cahors).

Places of interest

Cahors cathedrale
Cahors Cathedral

Some places of interest are:

  • Pont Valentré (Valentré Bridge, Occitan: Pont de Balandras), a symbol of the town across the Lot river. It was built between 1308 and 1378.
  • Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Cahors (Cahors Cathedral), a national monument in France.
  • Arc de Diane (Diane's Arch), remains of Roman baths.
  • Saint-Barthélémy Church (14th century).
  • Maison Henri IV or Hôtel de Roaldès (15th century).

Gallery

Related pages


Images for kids

kids search engine
Cahors Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.