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Arthur Henderson
1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg
Henderson circa 1910-15
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1 September 1931 – 25 October 1932
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by George Lansbury
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
28 August 1931 – 25 October 1932
Deputy John Robert Clynes
Preceded by Ramsay MacDonald
Succeeded by George Lansbury
In office
5 August 1914 – 24 October 1917
Chief Whip Frank Goldstone
George Henry Roberts
Preceded by Ramsay MacDonald
Succeeded by William Adamson
In office
22 January 1908 – 14 February 1910
Chief Whip George Henry Roberts
Preceded by Keir Hardie
Succeeded by George Barnes
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
7 June 1929 – 24 August 1931
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
Preceded by Austen Chamberlain
Succeeded by 1st Marquess of Reading
Chief Whip of the Labour Party
In office
1925–1927
Leader Ramsay MacDonald
Preceded by Ben Spoor
Succeeded by Tom Kennedy
In office
1920–1924
Leader John Robert Clynes
Ramsay MacDonald
Preceded by William Tyson Wilson
Succeeded by Ben Spoor
In office
1914–1914
Leader Ramsay MacDonald
Preceded by George Henry Roberts
Succeeded by Frank Walter Goldstone
In office
8 February 1906 – 1907
Preceded by David Shackleton
Succeeded by George Henry Roberts
Home Secretary
In office
23 January 1924 – 4 November 1924
Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
Preceded by William Bridgeman
Succeeded by Sir William Joynson-Hicks
Minister without Portfolio
In office
10 December 1916 – 12 August 1917
Prime Minister David Lloyd George
Preceded by Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
Succeeded by George Nicoll Barnes
Paymaster-General
In office
18 August 1916 – 10 December 1916
Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
Preceded by Thomas Legh
Succeeded by Joseph Compton-Rickett
President of the Board of Education
In office
25 May 1915 – 18 August 1916
Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
Preceded by Jack Pease
Succeeded by Robert Crewe-Milnes
Member of Parliament
for Clay Cross
In office
1 September 1933 – 20 October 1935
Preceded by Charles Duncan
Succeeded by Alfred Holland
Member of Parliament
for Burnley
In office
28 February 1924 – 27 October 1931
Preceded by Dan Irving
Succeeded by Gordon Campbell
Member of Parliament
for Newcastle upon Tyne East
In office
17 January 1923 – 6 December 1923
Preceded by Joseph Nicholas Bell
Succeeded by Sir Robert Aske
Member of Parliament
for Widnes
In office
30 August 1919 – 15 November 1922
Preceded by William Hall Walker
Succeeded by George Christopher Clayton
Personal details
Born 13 September 1863
Glasgow, Scotland
Died 20 October 1935(1935-10-20) (aged 72)
London, England
Nationality British
Political party Labour

Arthur Henderson (13 September 1863 – 20 October 1935) was a British iron moulder and Labour politician. He was the first Labour cabinet minister, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1934 and, uniquely, served three separate terms as Leader of the Labour Party in three different decades. He was popular among his colleagues, who called him "Uncle Arthur" in acknowledgement of his integrity, his devotion to the cause and his imperturbability. He was a transitional figure whose policies were, at first, close to those of the Liberal Party. The trades unions rejected his emphasis on arbitration and conciliation, and thwarted his goal of unifying the Labour Party and the trade unions.

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