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Ramsay MacDonald

J. Ramsay MacDonald LCCN2014715885 (cropped).jpg
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
5 June 1929 – 7 June 1935
Monarch George V
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
In office
22 January 1924 – 4 November 1924
Monarch George V
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
Leader of the Opposition
In office
4 November 1924 – 5 June 1929
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
In office
21 November 1922 – 22 January 1924
Monarch George V
Prime Minister Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by H. H. Asquith
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
22 November 1922 – 1 September 1931
Deputy John Robert Clynes
Preceded by John Robert Clynes
Succeeded by Arthur Henderson
In office
6 February 1911 – 5 August 1914
Chief Whip George Henry Roberts
Arthur Henderson
Preceded by George Barnes
Succeeded by Arthur Henderson
Lord President of the Council
In office
7 June 1935 – 28 May 1937
Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by The Viscount Halifax
Leader of the House of Commons
In office
5 June 1929 – 7 June 1935
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
In office
22 January 1924 – 3 November 1924
Preceded by Stanley Baldwin
Succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
22 January 1924 – 3 November 1924
Preceded by The Marquess Curzon
Succeeded by Austen Chamberlain
Member of Parliament
for the Combined Scottish Universities
In office
31 January 1936 – 9 November 1937
Preceded by Noel Skelton
Succeeded by Sir John Anderson
Member of Parliament
for Seaham
In office
30 May 1929 – 14 November 1935
Preceded by Sidney Webb
Succeeded by Emanuel Shinwell
Member of Parliament
for Aberavon
In office
15 November 1922 – 30 May 1929
Preceded by John Edwards
Succeeded by William Cove
Member of Parliament
for Leicester
In office
8 February 1906 – 14 December 1918
Serving with Henry Broadhurst, Franklin Thomasson, Eliot Crawshay-Williams, Sir Gordon Hewart
Preceded by John Rolleston
Henry Broadhurst
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Personal details
Born
James MacDonald Ramsay

(1866-10-12)12 October 1866
Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland, UK
Died 9 November 1937(1937-11-09) (aged 71)
Atlantic Ocean (on holiday aboard the ocean liner Reina del Pacifico)
Resting place Spynie Cemetery, Morayshire
Nationality British
Political party Labour (until 1931)
National Labour (from 1931)
Spouse(s)
Margaret Gladstone
(m. 1896; died 1911)
Children
  • 6, including:
  • Malcolm MacDonald
  • Ishbel MacDonald
Parents
  • John MacDonald
  • Anne Ramsay
Alma mater Birkbeck, University of London
Profession Politician
Signature Cursive signature in ink

James Ramsay MacDonald FRS ( James McDonald Ramsay; 12 October 1866 – 9 November 1937) was a British politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom three times. He helped to build the Labour Party and became its first Prime Minister in 1924. His third period as Prime Minister was during the crisis of the Great Depression when he formed a "National Government" in which a majority of MPs were from the British Conservative Party. He was expelled from the Labour Party.



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