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Atwood, Kansas
Rawlins County Courthouse (2010)
Rawlins County Courthouse (2010)
Location within Rawlins County and Kansas
Location within Rawlins County and Kansas
KDOT map of Rawlins County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Rawlins
Founded 1875
Incorporated 1885
Named for Attwood Matheny
 • Total 1.12 sq mi (2.91 km2)
 • Land 1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
2,858 ft (871 m)
 • Total 1,290
 • Density 1,152/sq mi (443.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-03150
GNIS ID 470991

Atwood is a city in and the county seat of Rawlins County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 1,290.


In 1875, T.A. Andrews and J.M. Matheny traveled to Rawlins County and started a town site about two miles east of the current city. The city of Attwood (with two t's) was named after Attwood Matheny, the 14-year-old son who accompanied his father on the journey. In 1882, the U.S. Post Office requested permission to drop one "t" thus becoming Atwood. In 1881, Atwood became the county seat of Rawlins County.


Atwood is located at 39°48′32″N 101°2′29″W / 39.80889°N 101.04139°W / 39.80889; -101.04139 (39.808971, -101.041370). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.10 square miles (2.85 km2), of which 1.04 square miles (2.69 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.


According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Atwood has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.

Area attractions

Area events

  • Rawlins County Fair, held in July.
  • Beaver Creek Festival, held annually in October.
  • Annual Rod Run, held annually in May.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 450
1900 486 8.0%
1910 680 39.9%
1920 919 35.1%
1930 1,106 20.3%
1940 1,408 27.3%
1950 1,613 14.6%
1960 1,906 18.2%
1970 1,658 −13.0%
1980 1,665 0.4%
1990 1,388 −16.6%
2000 1,279 −7.9%
2010 1,194 −6.6%
2020 1,290 8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,194 people, 568 households, and 299 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,148.1 inhabitants per square mile (443.3/km2). There were 666 housing units at an average density of 640.4 per square mile (247.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 568 households, of which 20.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.4% were non-families. 44.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 23.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 50.9 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17% were from 25 to 44; 29.5% were from 45 to 64; and 28.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.


The community is served by Rawlins County USD 105 public school district, formed in 2003 by the consolidation of Herndon USD 317 and Atwood USD 318. The district has two schools in Atwood:

  • Rawlins County Junior/Senior High School
  • Rawlins County Elementary School




US-36 and K-25 highways cross in Atwood.


Nebraska Kansas Colorado Railway passes through Atwood.


  • Atwood-Rawlins County City-County Airport (ICAO: KADT)

Notable people

See also

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