Rawlins County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 39°48′N 101°06′W / 39.8°N 101.1°W / 39.8; -101.1

Rawlins County, Kansas
Map

Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 20, 1873
Seat Atwood
Largest City Atwood
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,070 sq mi (2,771 km²)
1,069 sq mi (2,769 km²)
0.2 sq mi (1 km²), 0.01%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

2,519
2.4/sq mi (1/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: John Aaron Rawlins

Rawlins County (standard abbreviation: RA) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,519. The largest city and county seat is Atwood. It was named after Union Civil War General John Aaron Rawlins.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1873, Rawlins County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,070 square miles (2,800 km2), of which 1,069 square miles (2,770 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.1%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 36.svg U.S. Highway 36
  • K-25.svg Kansas Highway 25
  • K-117.svg Kansas Highway 117

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,623
1890 6,756 316.3%
1900 5,241 −22.4%
1910 6,380 21.7%
1920 6,799 6.6%
1930 7,362 8.3%
1940 6,618 −10.1%
1950 5,728 −13.4%
1960 5,279 −7.8%
1970 4,393 −16.8%
1980 4,105 −6.6%
1990 3,404 −17.1%
2000 2,966 −12.9%
2010 2,519 −15.1%
Est. 2015 2,506 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Rawlins County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,966 people, 1,269 households, and 846 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,565 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.52% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,269 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 31.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 3.80% from 18 to 24, 21.50% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 25.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 99.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,105, and the median income for a family was $40,074. Males had a median income of $26,719 versus $19,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,161. About 7.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Rawlins Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Rawlins County (map legend)

Incorporated cities

Townships

Rawlins County is divided into ten townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Achilles 00175 83 1 (2) 132 (51) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°42′13″N 100°48′38″W / 39.70361°N 100.81056°W / 39.70361; -100.81056
Atwood 03175 1,330 74 (192) 18 (7) 0 (0) 0.88% 39°48′38″N 101°2′34″W / 39.81056°N 101.04278°W / 39.81056; -101.04278
Center 12037 363 1 (1) 690 (266) 0 (0) 0% 39°43′11″N 101°3′56″W / 39.71972°N 101.06556°W / 39.71972; -101.06556
Driftwood 18675 84 0 (1) 185 (72) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′56″N 101°4′59″W / 39.96556°N 101.08306°W / 39.96556; -101.08306
Herl 31462 386 1 (2) 491 (190) 0 (0) 0% 39°49′24″N 100°49′54″W / 39.82333°N 100.83167°W / 39.82333; -100.83167
Jefferson 35300 34 0 (1) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°36′42″N 100°48′31″W / 39.61167°N 100.80861°W / 39.61167; -100.80861
Ludell 43200 136 1 (4) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°51′30″N 100°57′1″W / 39.85833°N 100.95028°W / 39.85833; -100.95028
Mirage 47175 43 0 (1) 185 (71) 0 (0) 0% 39°38′53″N 101°14′2″W / 39.64806°N 101.23389°W / 39.64806; -101.23389
Rocewood 60362 448 1 (2) 742 (287) 0 (0) 0% 39°48′17″N 101°18′59″W / 39.80472°N 101.31639°W / 39.80472; -101.31639
Union 72275 59 1 (1) 111 (43) 0 (0) 0% 39°46′51″N 100°53′55″W / 39.78083°N 100.89861°W / 39.78083; -100.89861

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