Sherman County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 39°21′N 101°43′W / 39.35°N 101.717°W / 39.35; -101.717

Sherman County, Kansas
Map

Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded September 20, 1886
Seat Goodland
Largest City Goodland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,056 sq mi (2,735 km²)
1,056 sq mi (2,735 km²)
0.2 sq mi (1 km²), 0.02%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

6,010
5.7/sq mi (2/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Named for: William Tecumseh Sherman

Sherman County (standard abbreviation: SH) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,010. Its county seat is Goodland. Sherman County was created by the Legislature of 1873, and named after General William Tecumseh Sherman.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1886, Sherman County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,056 square miles (2,740 km2), of which 1,056 square miles (2,740 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.02%) is water.

Sherman County is one of only four Kansas counties to observe Mountain Time. Since Sherman County is part of the Wichita media market and the local broadcast stations are repeat signals of Wichita affiliates, prime-time programming in the county is aired from 6 to 9 p.m. local time, rather than 7 to 10 p.m. as is normal in the Central and Mountain time zones. However, cable providers carry the ABC and NBC affiliates from both Wichita and Denver, affording viewers the opportunity to view programs on those networks at the normal prime-time hours.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 13
1890 5,261 40,369.2%
1900 3,341 −36.5%
1910 4,549 36.2%
1920 5,592 22.9%
1930 7,400 32.3%
1940 6,421 −13.2%
1950 7,373 14.8%
1960 6,682 −9.4%
1970 7,792 16.6%
1980 7,759 −0.4%
1990 6,926 −10.7%
2000 6,760 −2.4%
2010 6,010 −11.1%
Est. 2015 5,983 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Sherman County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,760 people, 2,758 households, and 1,781 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,184 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.83% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 4.14% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 8.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,758 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 23.90% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 104.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,684, and the median income for a family was $38,824. Males had a median income of $28,012 versus $20,927 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,761. About 9.70% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Sherman Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Sherman County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Sherman County is divided into thirteen townships. The city of Goodland is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. Geographically, Goodland is located at the juncture of Voltaire, Itasca, and Logan Townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Grant 28150 115 0 (1) 355 (137) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°28′26″N 101°54′41″W / 39.47389°N 101.91139°W / 39.47389; -101.91139
Iowa 34450 44 0 (0) 279 (108) 0 (0) 0% 39°15′27″N 101°29′38″W / 39.2575°N 101.49389°W / 39.2575; -101.49389
Itasca 34600 321 4 (10) 87 (34) 0 (0) 0% 39°19′33″N 101°40′29″W / 39.32583°N 101.67472°W / 39.32583; -101.67472
Lincoln 41175 95 1 (1) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°19′5″N 101°53′3″W / 39.31806°N 101.88417°W / 39.31806; -101.88417
Llanos 41650 43 0 (1) 185 (71) 0 (0) 0% 39°28′31″N 101°28′29″W / 39.47528°N 101.47472°W / 39.47528; -101.47472
Logan 42250 246 2 (5) 138 (53) 0 (0) 0% 39°19′15″N 101°46′55″W / 39.32083°N 101.78194°W / 39.32083; -101.78194
McPherson 44025 52 0 (1) 174 (67) 0 (0) 0% 39°10′18″N 101°56′12″W / 39.17167°N 101.93667°W / 39.17167; -101.93667
Shermanville 65175 51 0 (1) 185 (71) 0 (0) 0% 39°29′54″N 101°34′25″W / 39.49833°N 101.57361°W / 39.49833; -101.57361
Smoky 65950 87 0 (1) 280 (108) 0 (0) 0.12% 39°11′48″N 101°46′11″W / 39.19667°N 101.76972°W / 39.19667; -101.76972
Stateline 68150 Kanorado 344 2 (5) 165 (64) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°19′6″N 102°0′17″W / 39.31833°N 102.00472°W / 39.31833; -102.00472
Union 72425 56 0 (1) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0% 39°20′25″N 101°27′24″W / 39.34028°N 101.45667°W / 39.34028; -101.45667
Voltaire 74175 252 1 (2) 411 (159) 0 (0) 0% 39°27′12″N 101°43′4″W / 39.45333°N 101.71778°W / 39.45333; -101.71778
Washington 75750 106 1 (2) 139 (54) 0 (0) 0% 39°20′0″N 101°32′59″W / 39.333333°N 101.54972°W / 39.333333; -101.54972

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