Logan County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 38°54′N 101°08′W / 38.9°N 101.133°W / 38.9; -101.133

Logan County, Kansas
Map

Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 24, 1887
Seat Oakley
Largest City Oakley
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,073 sq mi (2,779 km²)
1,073 sq mi (2,779 km²)
0.1 sq mi (0 km²), 0.01%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

2,756
2.6/sq mi (1/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: John A. Logan
Oakley Kansas
Agriculture, as represented by this stockyard on the edge of Oakley, is important in Logan County

Logan County (standard abbreviation: LG) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,756. The largest city and county seat is Oakley. The county was named for Gen. John A. Logan.

One of the county's most distinctive features is a mile long stretch of Niobrara Formation rocks that reach 100 feet in the high and dubbed "Little Jerusalem" and which is related to the same geology that forms Badlands National Park. The formation is mostly on private land. In 2016 the Nature Conservancy about 10 percent of the Kansas rocks and says it intends to open them to the public.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1887, Logan County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,073 square miles (2,780 km2), of which 1,073 square miles (2,780 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 3,384
1900 1,962 −42.0%
1910 4,240 116.1%
1920 3,223 −24.0%
1930 4,145 28.6%
1940 3,688 −11.0%
1950 4,206 14.0%
1960 4,036 −4.0%
1970 3,814 −5.5%
1980 3,478 −8.8%
1990 3,081 −11.4%
2000 3,046 −1.1%
2010 2,756 −9.5%
Est. 2015 2,825 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Logan County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

At the 2000 census, there were 3,046 people, 1,243 households and 856 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,423 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.72% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.72% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. 1.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,243 households of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.98.

Age distribution was 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 20.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median household income was $32,131, and the median family income was $40,104. Males had a median income of $28,105 versus $19,609 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,294. About 4.70% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.80% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Logan Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Logan County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Logan County is divided into eleven townships. None of the cities within the county is considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities.

In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Augustine 03350 26 0 (0) 187 (72) 0 (0) 0% 38°44′14″N 101°21′15″W / 38.73722°N 101.35417°W / 38.73722; -101.35417
Elkader 20225 15 0 (0) 278 (107) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°53′33″N 100°52′1″W / 38.8925°N 100.86694°W / 38.8925; -100.86694
Lees 39200 17 0 (0) 185 (72) 0 (0) 0% 38°44′26″N 100°59′5″W / 38.74056°N 100.98472°W / 38.74056; -100.98472
Logansport 42325 14 0 (0) 278 (107) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°51′29″N 101°4′9″W / 38.85806°N 101.06917°W / 38.85806; -101.06917
McAllaster 43600 29 0 (0) 276 (106) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°2′58″N 101°22′4″W / 39.04944°N 101.36778°W / 39.04944; -101.36778
Monument 48050 144 1 (1) 276 (107) 0 (0) 0% 39°4′17″N 101°2′42″W / 39.07139°N 101.045°W / 39.07139; -101.045
Oakley 51850 Oakley 2,343 8 (22) 278 (107) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°6′43″N 100°51′32″W / 39.11194°N 100.85889°W / 39.11194; -100.85889
Paxton 55025 24 0 (0) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0% 38°44′38″N 101°7′57″W / 38.74389°N 101.1325°W / 38.74389; -101.1325
Russell Springs 61900 71 0 (1) 279 (108) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°53′16″N 101°12′15″W / 38.88778°N 101.20417°W / 38.88778; -101.20417
Western 76900 44 0 (0) 279 (108) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°54′3″N 101°24′37″W / 38.90083°N 101.41028°W / 38.90083; -101.41028
Winona 80100 Winona 319 1 (3) 277 (107) 0 (0) 0% 39°3′53″N 101°12′54″W / 39.06472°N 101.215°W / 39.06472; -101.215

Logan County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.