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Wichita County, Kansas facts for kids

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Wichita County
Wichita County courthouse in Leoti (2015)
Wichita County courthouse in Leoti (2015)
Map of Kansas highlighting Wichita County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Kansas
Founded December 24, 1886
Named for Wichita people
Seat Leoti
Largest city Leoti
 • Total 719 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land 719 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)  0.0%
 • Total 2,152
 • Density 3.0/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Wichita County (standard abbreviation: WH) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the county population was 2,152. Its county seat is Leoti.


Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1886, Wichita County was established.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 719 square miles (1,860 km2), virtually all of which is land.

Major highways

  • K-25.svg Kansas Highway 25
  • K-96.svg Kansas Highway 96

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 14
1890 1,827 12,950.0%
1900 1,197 −34.5%
1910 2,006 67.6%
1920 1,856 −7.5%
1930 2,579 39.0%
1940 2,185 −15.3%
1950 2,640 20.8%
1960 2,765 4.7%
1970 3,274 18.4%
1980 3,041 −7.1%
1990 2,758 −9.3%
2000 2,531 −8.2%
2010 2,234 −11.7%
2020 2,152 −3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020
USA Wichita County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,531 people, 967 households, and 723 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 1,119 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.25% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 10.51% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. 18.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 967 households, out of which 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.30% were married couples living together, 5.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 104.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,462, and the median income for a family was $41,034. Males had a median income of $27,523 versus $18,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,720. About 11.20% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.20% of those under age 18 and 4.70% of those age 65 or over.


Map of Wichita Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Wichita County from KDOT (map legend)


Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns


Wichita County has a single township. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
Population Population
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Leoti 39575 Leoti 2,531 1 (4) 1,861 (719) 0 (0) 0% 38°29′54″N 101°21′50″W / 38.49833°N 101.36389°W / 38.49833; -101.36389


  • Leoti USD 467

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Wichita (Kansas) para niños

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Wichita County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.