kids encyclopedia robot

Thomas County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 39°21′N 101°03′W / 39.35°N 101.05°W / 39.35; -101.05

Thomas County, Kansas
Map
Map of Kansas highlighting Thomas County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded October 8, 1885
Seat Colby
Largest City Colby
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,075 sq mi (2,784 km²)
1,075 sq mi (2,784 km²)
0.1 sq mi (0 km²), 0.01%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

7,900
7.4/sq mi (3/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: George Henry Thomas

Thomas County (standard abbreviation: TH) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 7,900. Its county seat is Colby.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Thomas County was founded in October 8, 1885. It was named for George Henry Thomas, a Union General during the American Civil War, hero of the Battle of Chickamauga. The townships of the county were named after the soldiers that died at the Battle of Chickamauga.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,075 square miles (2,780 km2), of which 1,075 square miles (2,780 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-70.svg Interstate 70
  • US 24.svg U.S. Highway 24
  • US 83.svg U.S. Highway 83
  • K-25.svg Kansas Highway 25

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 161
1890 5,538 3,339.8%
1900 4,112 −25.7%
1910 5,455 32.7%
1920 5,517 1.1%
1930 7,334 32.9%
1940 6,425 −12.4%
1950 7,572 17.9%
1960 7,358 −2.8%
1970 7,501 1.9%
1980 8,451 12.7%
1990 8,258 −2.3%
2000 8,180 −0.9%
2010 7,900 −3.4%
Est. 2015 7,904 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Thomas County, Kansas age pyramid
Age pyramid

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,180 people, 3,226 households, and 2,125 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,562 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.14% White, 0.43% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,226 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.10% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 13.50% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,034, and the median income for a family was $45,931. Males had a median income of $33,833 versus $21,310 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,028. About 6.60% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.90% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Thomas Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Thomas County from KDOT (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated place

Townships

Thomas County is divided into thirteen townships. The townships were named in honor of men who were killed at the Battle of Chickamauga. The city of Colby is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. Geographically, Colby is surrounded by Morgan Township. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Barrett 04325 124 0 (1) 276 (107) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°30′21″N 101°16′7″W / 39.50583°N 101.26861°W / 39.50583; -101.26861
East Hale 19475 137 1 (3) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0% 39°22′27″N 101°12′49″W / 39.37417°N 101.21361°W / 39.37417; -101.21361
Kingery 36925 93 0 (1) 373 (144) 0 (0) 0% 39°13′55″N 101°16′52″W / 39.23194°N 101.28111°W / 39.23194; -101.28111
Lacey 37425 Gem 132 1 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°25′48″N 100°53′27″W / 39.43°N 100.89083°W / 39.43; -100.89083
Menlo 45775 Menlo 112 1 (2) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0% 39°20′36″N 100°46′4″W / 39.34333°N 100.76778°W / 39.34333; -100.76778
Morgan 48200 Colby outskirts 755 3 (7) 271 (105) 0 (0) 0% 39°22′31″N 101°3′0″W / 39.37528°N 101.05°W / 39.37528; -101.05
North Randall 51300 107 1 (2) 138 (53) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°19′44″N 100°53′55″W / 39.32889°N 100.89861°W / 39.32889; -100.89861
Rovohl 61525 143 1 (1) 277 (107) 0 (0) 0% 39°30′11″N 101°4′3″W / 39.50306°N 101.0675°W / 39.50306; -101.0675
Smith 65900 Rexford 213 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°27′11″N 100°45′31″W / 39.45306°N 100.75861°W / 39.45306; -100.75861
South Randall 66875 Oakley outskirts 267 1 (2) 279 (108) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°10′59″N 100°50′29″W / 39.18306°N 100.84139°W / 39.18306; -100.84139
Summers 68975 197 1 (1) 373 (144) 0 (0) 0% 39°14′30″N 101°2′47″W / 39.24167°N 101.04639°W / 39.24167; -101.04639
Wendell 76650 84 0 (1) 183 (71) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°31′4″N 100°49′21″W / 39.51778°N 100.8225°W / 39.51778; -100.8225
West Hale 76975 Brewster 366 3 (7) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0% 39°21′50″N 101°21′48″W / 39.36389°N 101.36333°W / 39.36389; -101.36333
kids search engine
Thomas County, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.