Goodland, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Goodland, Kansas
County seat
The Sunflowers by Van Gogh (2014)
The Sunflowers by Van Gogh (2014)
Nickname(s): The Golden Buckle on the Wheat Belt
Location within Sherman County and Kansas
Location within Sherman County and Kansas
KDOT map of Sherman County (legend)
KDOT map of Sherman County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Sherman
Incorporated September 5, 1887
Area
 • Total 4.37 sq mi (11.32 km2)
 • Land 4.36 sq mi (11.29 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 3,681 ft (1,122 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,489
 • Estimate (2015) 4,457
 • Density 1,027.2/sq mi (396.55/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 67735
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-26875
GNIS feature ID 0471241
Website cityofgoodland.org

Goodland is a city in and the county seat of Sherman County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 4,489. It was named after Goodland, Indiana. Goodland is home to Northwest Kansas Technical College.

History

One of the earliest pieces of recorded history relating to Goodland concerns the Kidder Massacre. On July 2, 1867, a detachment of the 2nd United States Cavalry Regiment was massacred; second lieutenant Lyman S. Kidder in command of the party, a sergeant, a corporal, eight privates and an Indian guide lost their lives. They were carrying dispatches for Lieutenant Colonel George Custer. Later, Custer found evidence of a running battle along Beaver Creek, which led to a ravine where the remains were found. They had been killed by Cheyenne and/or Sioux Indians.

In 1886, there were four communities vying to become county seat for Sherman County: Itasca, Voltaire, Sherman Center and Eustis. A man named Clark showed up in the county in 1887 proposing to create a new town to settle the dispute. The new town was to be named Goodland. A vote for the county seat was held among the county population and Goodland won with 872 of the 1495 votes cast while with Eustis received 611 and Voltaire received 12. Citizens of Eustis declared that the votes were unfair but the state department said that nothing could be done as all the voting was complete. The Supreme Court of Kansas considered various proceedings but did not change the outcome of the vote. Eustis refused to yield the county records it held until January 13, 1888, when an armed group from Goodland seized the records and sent them to the new county seat.

Goodland sprang up around the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad that had been built through it. The town was named after Goodland, Indiana.

Geography

Goodland is located at 39°20′55″N 101°42′40″W / 39.34861°N 101.71111°W / 39.34861; -101.71111 (39.348583, −101.711148) at an elevation of 3,681 feet (1,122 m). It lies on the south side of the Middle Fork of Sappa Creek, part of the Republican River watershed, in the High Plains region of the Great Plains. Located at the intersection of Interstate 70 and K-27 in northwest Kansas, Goodland is roughly 17 miles (27 km) east of the Colorado state line, 176 miles east-southeast of Denver, 265 miles (426 km) northwest of Wichita, and 383 miles (616 km) west of Kansas City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.37 square miles (11.32 km2), of which 4.36 square miles (11.29 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Climate

Goodland's climate is officially classed as Humid continental (Koppen Dfa); although it only just misses a semi-arid (Bsk) classification and is also close to a wet-summer continental climate (Dwa). Winters are generally cold and dry, summers hot and moderately wet. The average temperature for the year is 51 °F (10 °C) with temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) an average of 50 days a year and dropping below 32 °F (0 °C) an average of 159 days a year. Due to its higher elevation, Goodland experiences stronger wind and higher snowfall totals than other locations in Kansas. Wind speed averages 13 mph (21 km/h). On average, Goodland receives 19.75 inches (502 mm) of precipitation annually, and snowfall averages 41.9 inches (1,064 mm) per year. On average, January is the coolest month, and July is both the warmest month and the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Goodland was 111 °F (44 °C) in 1940; the coldest temperature recorded was -27 °F (-33 °C) in 1989.

Climate data for Goodland, Kansas (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1895–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26.1)
87
(30.6)
90
(32.2)
96
(35.6)
104
(40)
110
(43.3)
111
(43.9)
108
(42.2)
105
(40.6)
96
(35.6)
87
(30.6)
83
(28.3)
111
(43.9)
Average high °F (°C) 42.4
(5.78)
45.3
(7.39)
54.6
(12.56)
63.6
(17.56)
73.0
(22.78)
83.9
(28.83)
90.0
(32.22)
87.5
(30.83)
79.1
(26.17)
66.2
(19)
52.4
(11.33)
42.5
(5.83)
65.0
(18.33)
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.6
(-1.33)
32.3
(0.17)
40.5
(4.72)
49.2
(9.56)
59.4
(15.22)
69.7
(20.94)
75.7
(24.28)
73.7
(23.17)
64.6
(18.11)
51.9
(11.06)
39.0
(3.89)
29.9
(-1.17)
51.3
(10.72)
Average low °F (°C) 16.9
(-8.39)
19.4
(-7)
26.5
(-3.06)
34.7
(1.5)
45.8
(7.67)
55.6
(13.11)
61.3
(16.28)
60.0
(15.56)
50.1
(10.06)
37.5
(3.06)
25.7
(-3.5)
17.3
(-8.17)
37.6
(3.11)
Record low °F (°C) −26
(-32.2)
−22
(-30)
−20
(-28.9)
0
(-17.8)
21
(-6.1)
31
(-0.6)
40
(4.4)
38
(3.3)
19
(-7.2)
1
(-17.2)
−12
(-24.4)
−27
(-32.8)
−27
(-32.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.38
(9.7)
0.49
(12.4)
1.07
(27.2)
1.59
(40.4)
2.95
(74.9)
3.25
(82.6)
3.47
(88.1)
2.70
(68.6)
1.22
(31)
1.37
(34.8)
0.71
(18)
0.46
(11.7)
19.66
(499.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 5.9
(15)
5.4
(13.7)
6.8
(17.3)
4.2
(10.7)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
2.2
(5.6)
4.6
(11.7)
5.5
(14)
35.5
(90.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.9 4.8 6.0 7.7 10.5 9.4 9.9 8.8 5.5 5.6 4.6 3.9 80.5
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.7 4.1 3.6 2.0 0.2 0 0 0 0.2 0.8 2.9 3.5 21.0
Source: The Weather Channel; National Weather Service

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,027
1900 1,059 3.1%
1910 1,993 88.2%
1920 2,664 33.7%
1930 3,626 36.1%
1940 3,306 −8.8%
1950 4,690 41.9%
1960 4,459 −4.9%
1970 5,510 23.6%
1980 5,708 3.6%
1990 4,983 −12.7%
2000 4,948 −0.7%
2010 4,489 −9.3%
Est. 2015 4,457 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,489 people, 1,985 households, and 1,161 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,029.6 inhabitants per square mile (397.5/km2). There were 2,395 housing units at an average density of 549.3 per square mile (212.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.0% White, 0.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.0% of the population.

There were 1,985 households of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.5% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 40 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 19% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,948 people, 2,085 households, and 1,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,127.1 people per square mile (435.2/km²). There were 2,410 housing units at an average density of 549.0 per square mile (212.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.35% White, 0.42% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 4.53% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.03% of the population.

There were 2,085 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $31,356, and the median income for a family was $38,309. Males had a median income of $28,589 versus $20,798 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,105. About 9.7% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Goodland, Kansas downtown 1
Downtown Goodland

Culture

In popular culture

Goodland was briefly mentioned in the 2006–08 television series Jericho.

In L.E. Howel’s novel, Planetfall, Goodland is the hometown of astronaut Karla Dawson and is a featured location in the story.

In T.D. Shields' novels, "Into Shadow" and "Into Light," Goodland is the site of the new national capital after Washington D.C. (among many other cities) is destroyed by war and climate change.


Goodland, Kansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.