Cheyenne County, Kansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Coordinates: 39°48′N 101°48′W / 39.8°N 101.8°W / 39.8; -101.8

Cheyenne County, Kansas
Map

Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the USA highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 20, 1873
Seat St. Francis
Largest City St. Francis
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,021 sq mi (2,644 km²)
1,020 sq mi (2,642 km²)
1.1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

2,726
2.7/sq mi (1/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Cheyenne Native Americans

Cheyenne County (county code CN) is a county located in the northwest portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,726. Its county seat and most populous city is St. Francis.

History

Early history

See also: History of Kansas

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1873, Cheyenne County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,021 square miles (2,640 km2), of which 1,020 square miles (2,600 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.1%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau

  • U.S. Route 36
  • Kansas Highway 27
  • Kansas Highway 161

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 37
1890 4,401 11,794.6%
1900 2,640 −40.0%
1910 4,248 60.9%
1920 5,587 31.5%
1930 6,948 24.4%
1940 6,221 −10.5%
1950 5,668 −8.9%
1960 4,708 −16.9%
1970 4,256 −9.6%
1980 3,678 −13.6%
1990 3,243 −11.8%
2000 3,165 −2.4%
2010 2,726 −13.9%
Est. 2015 2,679 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 3,165 people, 1,360 households, and 919 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,636 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.91% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.59% of the population.

There were 1,360 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 5.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 26.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,599, and the median income for a family was $34,816. Males had a median income of $24,976 versus $19,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,862. About 7.40% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Cheyenne Co, Ks, USA
2005 KDOT Map of Cheyenne County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated community

Ghost towns

  • Clugh
  • Gurney
  • Hourglass
  • Jaqua
  • Lawnridge
  • Orlando

Townships

Cheyenne County is divided into seven townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the township include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Benkelman 06025 57 0 (1) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0% 39°37′8″N 101°54′35″W / 39.61889°N 101.90972°W / 39.61889; -101.90972
Bird City 06850 Bird City 771 1 (2) 884 (341) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°45′30″N 101°31′41″W / 39.75833°N 101.52806°W / 39.75833; -101.52806
Calhoun 09950 57 0 (1) 231 (89) 2 (1) 0.70% 39°56′8″N 101°39′18″W / 39.93556°N 101.655°W / 39.93556; -101.655
Cleveland Run 14150 67 0 (1) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°52′35″N 101°48′20″W / 39.87639°N 101.80556°W / 39.87639; -101.80556
Jaqua 35025 46 0 (1) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°39′48″N 102°1′20″W / 39.66333°N 102.02222°W / 39.66333; -102.02222
Orlando 53050 63 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°45′36″N 101°41′0″W / 39.76°N 101.683333°W / 39.76; -101.683333
Wano 75375 St. Francis 2,104 2 (6) 937 (362) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°45′27″N 101°50′4″W / 39.7575°N 101.83444°W / 39.7575; -101.83444
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.

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