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Aurora, Indiana
Aurora, Indiana.jpg
Nickname(s): 
City of Spires
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Country United States
State Indiana
County Dearborn
Township Center
Area
 • Total 3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)
 • Land 2.76 sq mi (7.15 km2)
 • Water 0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)
Elevation
486 ft (148 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,750
 • Estimate 
(2012)
3,729
 • Density 1,358.7/sq mi (524.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
47001
Area code 812
FIPS code 18-02782
GNIS ID 430347
Website www.aurora.in.us

Aurora is a city in Center Township, Dearborn County, Indiana, United States. The population was 3,750 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Aurora is located at 39°3′31″N 84°54′23″W / 39.05861°N 84.90639°W / 39.05861; -84.90639 (39.058551, -84.906351).

According to the 2010 census, Aurora has a total area of 3.087 square miles (8.00 km2), of which 2.76 square miles (7.15 km2) (or 89.41%) is land and 0.327 square miles (0.85 km2) (or 10.59%) is water.

History

Aurora was platted in 1819. It was named for Aurora, the goddess of dawn in Roman mythology. Aurora was incorporated in 1848.

Aurora is known for its picturesque historic downtown area and the ornate Hillforest mansion built for Thomas Gaff who earned his fortune shipping goods on the Ohio River by steamboat. The mansion was designed by architect Isaiah Rogers and was completed in 1855 in the Italian Renaissance style. The design is symmetrical. Details include deep overhangs, arched windows and balconies and porches. Hillforest was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1992.

In addition to Hillforest, the Aurora City Hall, Aurora Methodist Episcopal Church, Aurora Public Library, Downtown Aurora Historic District, First Evangelical United Church of Christ, First Presbyterian Church, George Street Bridge, Lewis Hurlbert, Sr. House, Leive, Parks and Stapp Opera House, Levi Stevens House, and George Sutton Medical Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,954
1860 2,990 53.0%
1870 3,304 10.5%
1880 4,435 34.2%
1890 3,929 −11.4%
1900 3,645 −7.2%
1910 4,410 21.0%
1920 4,299 −2.5%
1930 4,386 2.0%
1940 4,828 10.1%
1950 4,780 −1.0%
1960 4,119 −13.8%
1970 4,293 4.2%
1980 3,816 −11.1%
1990 3,825 0.2%
2000 3,965 3.7%
2010 3,750 −5.4%
Est. 2015 3,701 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 3,750 people, 1,472 households, and 936 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,358.7 inhabitants per square mile (524.6/km2). There were 1,647 housing units at an average density of 596.7 per square mile (230.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 1,472 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11.

The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 3,965 people, 1,592 households, and 1,022 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,428.2 people per square mile (550.7/km²). There were 1,716 housing units at an average density of 618.1 per square mile (238.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.59% White, 0.10% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.

Aurora-indiana-from-above
Aurora from the air, looking northeast.

There were 1,592 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,500, and the median income for a family was $39,331. Males had a median income of $32,058 versus $24,671 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,587. About 9.4% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

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