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Aurora, Indiana
Aurora, Indiana.jpg
Official logo of Aurora, Indiana
Nickname(s): 
City of Spires
Location of Aurora in Dearborn County, Indiana.
Location of Aurora in Dearborn County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Dearborn
Township Center
Platted 1819
Incorporated 1848
Area
 • Total 3.54 sq mi (9.16 km2)
 • Land 3.29 sq mi (8.53 km2)
 • Water 0.24 sq mi (0.63 km2)
Elevation
486 ft (148 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 3,479
 • Density 1,056.80/sq mi (408.05/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
47001
Area code 812 Exchange: 926
FIPS code 18-02782
GNIS ID 430347

Aurora is a city in Center Township, Dearborn County, Indiana, United States. The population was 3,750 at the 2010 census.

Geography

Aurora is located at 39°3′31″N 84°54′23″W / 39.05861°N 84.90639°W / 39.05861; -84.90639 (39.058551, -84.906351).

According to the 2010 census, Aurora has a total area of 3.087 square miles (8.00 km2), of which 2.76 square miles (7.15 km2) (or 89.41%) is land and 0.327 square miles (0.85 km2) (or 10.59%) is water.

History

Aurora was platted in 1819. It was named for Aurora, the goddess of dawn in Roman mythology. Aurora was incorporated in 1848.

Aurora is known for its picturesque historic downtown area and the ornate Hillforest mansion built for Thomas Gaff who earned his fortune shipping goods on the Ohio River by steamboat. The mansion was designed by architect Isaiah Rogers and was completed in 1855 in the Italian Renaissance style. The design is symmetrical. Details include deep overhangs, arched windows and balconies and porches. Hillforest was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1992.

In addition to Hillforest, the Aurora City Hall, Aurora Methodist Episcopal Church, Aurora Public Library, Downtown Aurora Historic District, First Evangelical United Church of Christ, First Presbyterian Church, George Street Bridge, Lewis Hurlbert, Sr. House, Leive, Parks and Stapp Opera House, Levi Stevens House, and George Sutton Medical Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,954
1860 2,990 53.0%
1870 3,304 10.5%
1880 4,435 34.2%
1890 3,929 −11.4%
1900 3,645 −7.2%
1910 4,410 21.0%
1920 4,299 −2.5%
1930 4,386 2.0%
1940 4,828 10.1%
1950 4,780 −1.0%
1960 4,119 −13.8%
1970 4,293 4.2%
1980 3,816 −11.1%
1990 3,825 0.2%
2000 3,965 3.7%
2010 3,750 −5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 3,750 people, 1,472 households, and 936 families living in the city. The population density was 1,358.7 inhabitants per square mile (524.6/km2). There were 1,647 housing units at an average density of 596.7 per square mile (230.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 1,472 households, of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11.

The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

Education

The town has a free lending library, the Aurora Public Library District.

Notable people

  • Jesse Lynch Holman (1774-1842) - Helped plat the town of Aurora in 1819. Helped establish the First Baptist Church of Aurora in 1820 and the Indiana Bible Society in 1831. Helped found Aurora's public library and served as the superintendent for Dearborn County schools. Appointed by President Andrew Jackson to the U.S. District Court for the District of Indiana.
  • William S. Holman (1822-1897) - Born in Aurora at Veraestau, the home built by his father, Jesse Lynch Holman. He was elected to 10 terms in the United States House of Representatives.
  • John Q. Tufts (1840-1902) - Born in Aurora in 1840, his family moved to Iowa in 1852. He was elected as a Republican to represent Iowa's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives.
  • Elias Selah Holliday (1842-1936) - Served 4 terms in the United States House of Representatives from Indiana's 5th congressional district.
  • Kirtley Baker (1869-1927) - Major League Baseball player.
  • Harry Emerson Rowbottom (1884-1934) - Served 3 terms in the United States House of Representatives from Indiana's 1st congressional district.
  • Elmer Davis (1890-1958) - Director of the Office of War Information in World War II; Peabody Award recipient.
  • Stephen Bechtel Sr. (1900-1989) - Former president of Bechtel Corporation, currently the largest construction company, and the 8th largest privately held corporation, in the United States.
  • Anna Meyer (Born 1928) - At age 15, one of the youngest players to sign a contract with the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
  • Lonnie Mack (1941-2016), an influential rock guitar soloing pioneer, was born and raised in the area, and is buried in Aurora.
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