Bad Axe, Michigan facts for kids

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Bad Axe, Michigan
City
Motto: "...the hub of the Thumb"
Location of Bad Axe, Michigan
Location of Bad Axe, Michigan
Country United States
State Michigan
County Huron
Area
 • Total 2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)
 • Land 2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 758 ft (231 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,129
 • Estimate (2012) 3,070
 • Density 1,384.5/sq mi (534.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48413
Area code(s) 989
FIPS code 26-04740
GNIS feature ID 0620421
Website City of Bad Axe,Michigan

Bad Axe is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the county seat of Huron County located in the Thumb region of the Lower Peninsula. The population was 3,129 at the 2010 census. The population was 3,462 at the 2000 census, making it the largest community in Huron County and second largest in the Thumb, after Caro (if Lapeer and St. Clair counties, part of Metro Detroit, are not included).

History

The city was established in 1905. The city's unusual name dates to the time of its settlement. While surveying the first state road through the Huron County wilderness in 1861, Rudolph Papst and George Willis Pack made camp at the future site of the city and found a much-used and badly damaged axe. At Pack’s suggestion, Papst used the name “Bad Axe Camp” in the minutes of the survey and on a sign he placed along the main trail. The first post office in Bad Axe was established in 1870.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.26 square miles (5.85 km2), all land.

Climate

This climatic region has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bad Axe has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Climate data for Bad Axe, Michigan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 29
(-1.7)
31
(-0.6)
40
(4.4)
54
(12.2)
67
(19.4)
77
(25)
82
(27.8)
80
(26.7)
72
(22.2)
60
(15.6)
46
(7.8)
33
(0.6)
56
(13.3)
Average low °F (°C) 15
(-9.4)
15
(-9.4)
23
(-5)
33
(0.6)
43
(6.1)
53
(11.7)
58
(14.4)
57
(13.9)
50
(10)
40
(4.4)
31
(-0.6)
20
(-6.7)
36
(2.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.8
(46)
1.8
(46)
2
(51)
2.6
(66)
2.9
(74)
3
(76)
2.8
(71)
2.9
(74)
3.1
(79)
2.5
(64)
2.5
(64)
2.1
(53)
29.9
(759)
Source: Weatherbase

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 190
1890 842 343.2%
1900 1,241 47.4%
1910 1,559 25.6%
1920 2,140 37.3%
1930 2,332 9.0%
1940 2,624 12.5%
1950 2,973 13.3%
1960 2,998 0.8%
1970 2,999 0.0%
1980 3,184 6.2%
1990 3,484 9.4%
2000 3,462 −0.6%
2010 3,129 −9.6%
Est. 2015 3,011 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 3,129 people, 1,358 households, and 760 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,384.5 inhabitants per square mile (534.6/km2). There were 1,546 housing units at an average density of 684.1 per square mile (264.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 0.8% African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 1,358 households of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.0% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the city was 42.9 years. 21.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.5% male and 53.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,462 people, 1,418 households, and 877 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,617.3 per square mile (624.6/km²). There were 1,545 housing units at an average density of 721.8 per square mile (278.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.57% White, 0.26% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 1,418 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,125, and the median income for a family was $42,650. Males had a median income of $34,758 versus $20,288 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,465. About 9.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.


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