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Battle of the Boyne facts for kids

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Battle of the Boyne
Part of the Williamite War in Ireland

Painting of the battle by Jan Wyck c. 1693
Date 1 July 1690 O.S.
Oldbridge, County Meath, Ireland
53°43′23″N 6°25′01″W / 53.723°N 6.417°W / 53.723; -6.417 (battle site)
Result Williamite victory
Jacobite forces
Williamite forces
 Dutch Republic
Denmark–Norway Danish Auxiliary Corps
Commanders and leaders
James VII and II
Earl of Tyrconnell
Duc de Lauzun
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
William III
Duke of Schomberg 
23,500 36,000
Casualties and losses
~1,500 casualties ~750 casualties

The Battle of the Boyne was a battle in 1690 between the forces of the deposed King James II of England and Ireland, VII of Scotland and those of King William III who, with his wife Queen Mary II (his cousin and James's daughter), had acceded to the Crowns of England and Scotland in 1689. The battle took place across the River Boyne close to the town of Drogheda in the Kingdom of Ireland, modern-day Republic of Ireland, and resulted in a victory for William. This turned the tide in James's failed attempt to regain the British crown and ultimately aided in ensuring the continued Protestant ascendancy in Ireland.

The battle took place on 1 July 1690 O.S. William's forces defeated James's army, which consisted mostly of raw recruits. Although the Williamite War in Ireland continued until October 1691, James fled to France after the Boyne, never to return. The symbolic importance of this battle has made it one of the best-known battles in the history of the British Isles and a key part of the folklore of the Orange Order. Its commemoration today is principally by the Orange Order, which records the first commemorative parades as having been held in 1791.

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