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Bay Adelaide Centre
Bay Adelaide Centre 3.jpg
Bay Adelaide Centre in 2009
General information
Status Complete
Type Office
Location 333 Bay Street,
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Coordinates 43°39′01″N 79°22′48″W / 43.6504°N 79.3800°W / 43.6504; -79.3800
Construction started 2007
Completed 2016
Owner Brookfield Properties
Management Brookfield Properties
Height
Roof 218 m (715 ft) (Bay Adelaide West)
196 m (643 ft) (Bay Adelaide East)
Technical details
Floor area 108,000 m2 (1,160,000 sq ft) (Bay Adelaide West)
91,045 m2 (980,000 sq ft) (Bay Adelaide East)
Lifts/elevators 34
Design and construction
Architect West Tower: WZMH Architects, East Tower: KPMB Architects / Adamson Associates
Developer Brookfield Properties
Structural engineer Halcrow Yolles
Main contractor West Tower: EllisDon East Tower: Multiplex

The Bay Adelaide Centre is an office complex in the Financial District of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The first phase, a 51-storey skyscraper known as Bay Adelaide West, was completed in July 2009. The second phase, the 44-storey Bay Adelaide East, was completed in October 2016. A third tower, Bay Adelaide North, is planned.

Description

Financial district
Bay Adelaide West in Toronto's Financial District in 2009, prior to the construction of Bay Adelaide East
Bay Adelaide first tower nearing completion - cropped
Bay Adelaide West in 2009, with the facades of the 1926 National Building visible towards the base of the tower

Upon completion, the Bay Adelaide Centre will consist of three towers.

The first tower, Bay Adelaide West, was completed in 2009 with a floor area of 108,000 square metres (1,160,000 sq ft) and a height of 218 metres (715 ft) or 51 storeys. It is located on the northeast corner of Bay Street and Adelaide Street West.

The second tower, Bay Adelaide East, has a floor area of 91,045 square metres (980,000 sq ft) and a height of 44 storeys. Located mid-block between Adelaide Street West and Temperance Street, the tower has a 6-storey podium extending to the northwest corner of Yonge Street and Adelaide Street West.

The future Bay Adelaide North is anticipated to have a floor area of approximately 46,450 square metres (500,000 sq ft) and a height of 28 to 32 storeys. Unlike the two other towers in the complex, the north tower will be located on the north side of Temperance Street, with frontage along Richmond Street West. The Bay Adelaide North site is currently occupied by a one-storey elevator lobby which provides access to the underground concourse and garage.

The towers of the Bay Adelaide Centre are connected by an underground concourse, which extends under Temperance Street, and is connected to the PATH network. The underground concourse has PATH connections to Scotia Plaza to the south and Hudson's Bay Queen Street to the north. There is also a four-level underground garage under the complex, with vehicular access from both Adelaide Street West and Richmond Street West.

There is a 0.2-hectare (0.49-acre) public space, Arnell Plaza, located between Bay Adelaide West and Bay Adelaide East. Although Arnell Plaza is privately owned, public access has been legally secured by the City of Toronto. Cloud Gardens, a 0.24-hectare (0.59-acre) public park, is located immediately to the east of the Bay Adelaide North site on land conveyed to the City of Toronto as a condition of the original development approvals for the complex.

The complex's mechanical facilities are located in a four-storey above-grade building on the southwest corner of Yonge and Temperance Streets, with retail uses to be constructed at grade as part of the Bay Adelaide East construction. In order to accommodate the construction of the Bay Adelaide East podium, the historic facades of the former Elgin Block, constructed in 1850 and 1910 and once occupied by Holt Renfrew, were disassembled, refurbished and reconstructed as the facade of the mechanical facility building.

Both Bay Adelaide West and Bay Adelaide East are designed in a modernist style, although the historic north and west facades of the former National Building at the corner of Bay and Temperance Streets, completed in 1926, has been incorporated into Bay Adelaide West.

History

First tower proposal

Bay Adelaide Centre stump 2005
The six-storey "stump" in 2005, which stood as a symbol of the 1990s recession until its demolition in 2006.

The first tower development on the site was a joint project by Markborough Properties and TrizecHahn: a 57-storey office tower to be constructed at the corner of Bay and Adelaide Streets. It was to have cost almost a billion dollars, and was the last of a series of construction projects in downtown Toronto launched in the boom years of the 1980s, when a number of massive towers were built nearby, such as Scotia Plaza.

The building caused considerable controversy among those opposed to the erection of such massive structures. The tower would have stood far higher than was allowed by the city's official plan. To gain city hall's approval, the developers committed some $80 million towards new social housing and other projects. A portion of the site was turned over to the city for use as a park that is now Cloud Gardens. Both of these deals went ahead, despite the tower never having been completed.

Construction began in 1990, but the developers soon ran into problems. The economy went into recession and office vacancy rates in Toronto rose to 20%. Construction was halted, and in 1993, with over $500 million already invested, the project was permanently put on hold. All that was completed was the underground parking garage and several storeys of the concrete service shaft that stood from 1991 onwards, as a monument to the failed project in downtown Toronto. The stump of the service shaft was known to security and the locals as "the bunker" or simply "the stump". The parking garage was in operation, and the stump itself was used as a surface on which to mount advertisements.

The exterior of the stump of the building was depicted as a nightclub in the opening scene of the 1996 comedy film Brain Candy.

Subsequent proposals

There were several attempts to revive the project. In 1998 TrizecHahn briefly revived it, but another shift in the economy caused them to again pause. In 2000 there was again talk of reviving the project, but the next year TrizecHahn sold its 50% share to Brookfield Properties for $49 million. Brookfield was committed to completing the structure to a smaller height of either 40 or 50 storeys, but later that year the economy again soured and the project remained on hiatus.

Sustainable design

The development achieved LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Gold status for the project's environmental sustainability and will produce an estimated 40% energy savings relative to other buildings. The LEED rating system recognizes leading-edge buildings that incorporate design, construction and operational practices that combine healthy, high-quality and high-performance advantages with reduced environmental impacts.

Communications

Bay Adelaide Centre is the first mixed-use, commercial real estate building in North America to launch a mobile app aimed to communicate directly with tenants in the building.

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