Bellevue Hill, New South Wales facts for kids
Sydney, New South Wales
|Location:||5 km (3 mi) east of Sydney CBD|
|LGA:||Municipality of Woollahra|
Bellevue Hill is an eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Bellevue Hill is an affluent suburb, located 5 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Municipality of Woollahra.
In the early 19th century, Irish-Australian immigrants referred to the area as Vinegar Hill, after the Battle of Vinegar Hill, an engagement during the 1798 uprising of the United Irishmen in south-east Ireland. Governor Lachlan Macquarie took great exception to this and decided to name the suburb Bellevue Hill, the belle vue meaning beautiful view.
Later in that century, Bellevue Hill became the home of the Fairfax family, who lived at Trahlee, in Ginahgulla Road, which was leased by James Fairfax from 1866 to 1878. They then moved to Ginahgulla (now known as Fairfax House and owned by The Scots College) in the same road. The Fairfax family were responsible for establishing the Fairfax Media empire, which became a major force in the Australian news media (see also John Fairfax).
Former tram service
The line to Bellevue Hill opened in 1909. Services operated from Circular Quay via Elizabeth Street and Park Street. Trams heading south from Circular Quay down Elizabeth Street swung left into Park Street, via a right turn into Yurong Street, a left turn into Stanley Street, a right turn into Bourke Street, then a left turn into Burton Street.
A feature was the tram only viaduct over Barcom Ave and Boundary Street in Darlinghurst as the line headed into MacDonald Street. This viaduct is now a road bridge. The line then twisted down Glenmore, Gurner and Hargreave Streets in Paddington, then Moncur and Queen Streets in Woollahra. Here, a connection to Oxford Street allowed access to the Waverley Depot. The line then travelled down Edgecliff and Victoria Roads, then wound along Birriga Road in Bellevue Hill, finally running down Curlewis Street in Bondi to join the Bondi Beach via Bondi Junction line on Campbell Parade, to the North Bondi terminus. The line was double track throughout with numerous points to allow short working.
The line was cut back to Ocean Street, Woollahra in 1955; the remainder closed on 27 June 1959.
The line followed approximately the current route of bus 389 between the city and Woollahra and route X84 between Woollahra and Bondi Beach.
According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 10,765 residents in Bellevue Hill. 56.3% of residents were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were England 5.1%, South Africa 4.7% and New Zealand 2.4%. 73.9% of residents spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Hebrew 1.3%, Cantonese 1.3% and Mandarin 1.1%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were Judaism 23.0%, No Religion 19.2% and Catholic 16.7%. The most common occupations for residents were Professionals 41.9%, Managers 20.7% and Clerical and Administrative Workers 12.8%.
The following buildings are on the Register of the National Estate.
- Rona, Ginahgulla Road
- Ginahgulla, Ginahgulla Road, now known as Fairfax House and part of the Scots College
- Rovello, Ginahgulla Road
- Caerleon, Ginahgulla Road (first Queen Anne home in Australia)
- House and Gardens, 1 Rose Bay Avenue
- Former Government House, now part of Cranbrook School, Victoria Road
- Sports Pavilion, Cranbrook School, New South Head Road (designed by John Horbury Hunt)
- Trahlee, Ginahgulla Road, is listed on the Heritage Register of New South Wales
- Villa d'Este, Victoria Road, is listed on the Heritage Register of New South Wales
- Bonnington, Victoria Road, is listed on the Heritage Register of New South Wales
- Wirian, Victoria Road, former home of Martin Sharp, is listed on the State Heritage Register of New South Wales
Sport and Recreation
Since 1908, Bellevue Hill has been represented in one of Australia's most popular sporting competitions, the National Rugby League, by the Sydney Roosters, officially known as the Eastern Suburbs District Rugby League Football Club.
Images for kids
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