Bernhard T. Mittemeyer facts for kids
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Bernhard T. Mittemeyer
October 30, 1930 |
Paramaribo, Surinam (The Netherlands)
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Army|
|Years of service||1957–1985|
|Commands held||Surgeon General of the United States Army
326th Medical Battalion (Airmobile), 101st Airborne Division
|Awards||Legion of Merit (with Oak Leaf Cluster)
Distinguished Flying Cross
Bronze Star with V Device (with Oak Leaf Cluster)
Meritorious Service Medal
Army Commendation Medal
National Defense Service Medal
Combat Medical Badge
Senior Parachutist Badge
Vietnam Service Medal with Three Campaign Stars
Cross of Gallantry with Bronze Star (Vietnamese)
Civil Actions Honor Medal, First Class (Vietnamese)
Medical Meritorious Award, First Class (Vietnamese)
Armed Forces Honor Medal, First Class (Vietnamese)
Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal
|Other work||Chief of urological surgery at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center|
Bernhard Theodore Mittemeyer (born October 30, 1930) is a retired lieutenant general, who served as Surgeon General of the United States Army between 1981 and 1985.
Early life, education, and career
At age 14, Mittemeyer emigrated to the United States during World War II.
While attending college at Moravian College and medical school at Temple University School of Medicine, he was deferred from the draft. However, after graduation, he was drafted into the Army in 1957. Following initial accession training, he volunteered for the airborne forces since the 101st and 82nd had liberated his home country of the Netherlands during the war. He was assigned to the 101st. After six months, he became the division surgeon for General Westmoreland.
Soon thereafter, however, Mittemeyer announced his resignation to Gen. Westmoreland. When Gen. Westmorland inquired why he was leaving, Mittemeyer pointed out that he was not in the regular army since he was not a citizen. Westmoreland arranged his citizenship so that he could become part of the regular army. Mittemeyer then accepted an Army urological residency. In 1968, he deployed to Vietnam, where he commanded the 326th Medical Battalion (Airmobile) from 28 July 1968 to 27 February 1969.
During his tenure as Surgeon General of the Army and working in Military District of Washington (MDW), he instituted Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT), later adopted by MDW-wide and now simply called Physical Fitness Test (PFT), a set of fitness tests including push-ups, sit-ups, and a timed two-mile run that now applies to all 85,000 military employees of MDW.
After serving as Surgeon General of the Army, he retired on February 28, 1985, and is now the chief of urological surgery at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center.
Awards and decorations
|Combat Medical Badge|
|Senior Parachutist Badge|
|101st Airborne Division Combat Service Identification Badge|
|Vietnam Master Parachutist Badge|
|Legion of Merit with one bronze oak leaf cluster|
|Distinguished Flying Cross|
|Bronze Star with "V" device and oak leaf cluster|
|Meritorious Service Medal|
|Air Medal with bronze award numeral 1|
|Army Commendation Medal|
|Army Meritorious Unit Commendation|
|National Defense Service Medal|
|Vietnam Service Medal with three bronze service stars|
|Army Service Ribbon|
|Army Overseas Service Ribbon with award numeral 1|
|Vietnam Gallantry Cross with bronze star|
|Vietnam Armed Forces Honor Medal, First Class|
|Vietnam Civil Actions Medal, First Class|
|Vietnam Meritorious Medical Award, First Class|
|Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation|
|Republic of Vietnam Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation|
|Vietnam Campaign Medal|
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