Big Cliff Dam facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsBig Cliff Dam
Big Cliff Dam on the North Santiam River
Location of Big Cliff Dam in Oregon
|Location||Linn County–Marion County, Oregon|
|Owner(s)||U.S. Army Corps of Engineers|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Concrete gravity|
|Impounds||North Santiam River|
|Height||191 ft (58 m)|
|Length||280 ft (85 m)|
|Elevation at crest||1,212 ft (369 m)|
|Creates||Big Cliff Lake|
|Total capacity||6,450 acre⋅ft (7,960,000 m3)|
|Surface area||128 acres (0.52 km2)|
|Maximum length||2.8 mi (4.5 km)|
|Turbines||1 x 18 MW Kaplan-type|
|Installed capacity||18 MW|
The dam's primary functions are flood control, power generation, irrigation, fish habitat, water quality improvement, and recreation. It is one of 13 dams created by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers under the Willamette Valley Project which was authorized by the Flood Control Act of 1938.
It was constructed between March 1949 and May 1953 at the same time as Detroit Dam. Big Cliff is 2.7 miles (4.3 km) river distance below Detroit Dam at river mile 47 of the North Santiam River.
Big Cliff smooths river flow resulting from power generation fluctuations of Detroit Dam, a practice known as river re-regulation. Big Cliff Reservoir, primarily known as Big Cliff Lake, has daily depth variations of up to 24 feet (7.3 m).
Big Cliff can generate up to 18 megawatts of power.
The dams' operators try to keep the water temperature in the 50 to 59 °F (10 to 15 °C) range for ideal fish habitat by mixing water from the top of Detroit Lake with water from the bottom.
Big Cliff Dam Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.