kids encyclopedia robot

Birch Creek (Umatilla River) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Birch Creek
Birch Creek.JPG
At Hoeft Road, south of Pendleton Country Club
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Source confluence of east and west forks
 - location near Pilot Rock
 - elevation 1,622 ft (494 m)
 - coordinates 45°29′06″N 118°50′04″W / 45.48500°N 118.83444°W / 45.48500; -118.83444
Mouth Umatilla River
 - location near Rieth
 - elevation 958 ft (292 m)
 - coordinates 45°39′19″N 118°52′54″W / 45.65528°N 118.88167°W / 45.65528; -118.88167
Length 16 mi (26 km)
Basin 291 sq mi (754 km²)

Birch Creek is a 16-mile (26 km) tributary of the Umatilla River in eastern Oregon in the United States. It rises at the confluence of East and West Birch creeks south of Pilot Rock, Oregon, at the base of the Blue Mountains and flows north, slightly west of the city of Pendleton. It enters the Umatilla River about 49 miles (79 km) from the larger stream's confluence with the Columbia River.

Birch Creek is one of the rivers that drain Oregon's northwestern corner of the Blue Mountains, flowing alongside industrial waste ponds, and over two minor impoundments before reaching the Umatilla River. Lands in the Birch Creek drainage are used for logging, grazing, dairy farming, and factory farming. Birch Creek is a source of phosphates and the resulting eutrophication of the Umatilla River.

Pendleton photographer Walter S. Bowman is believed to have been born by Birch Creek.

kids search engine
Birch Creek (Umatilla River) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.