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Birch Creek (Umatilla River tributary) facts for kids

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Birch Creek
Birch Creek.JPG
At Hoeft Road, south of Pendleton Country Club
Birch Creek (Umatilla River tributary) is located in Oregon
Birch Creek (Umatilla River tributary)
Location of the mouth of Birch Creek in Oregon
Country United States
State Oregon
County Umatilla
Physical characteristics
Main source confluence of east and west forks
near Pilot Rock
1,622 ft (494 m)
River mouth Umatilla River
near Rieth
958 ft (292 m)
Length 16 mi (26 km)
Basin features
Basin size 291 sq mi (750 km2)

Birch Creek is a 16-mile (26 km) tributary of the Umatilla River in eastern Oregon in the United States. It rises at the confluence of East and West Birch creeks south of Pilot Rock, Oregon, at the base of the Blue Mountains and flows north, slightly west of the city of Pendleton. It enters the Umatilla River about 49 miles (79 km) from the larger stream's confluence with the Columbia River.

Birch Creek is one of the rivers that drain Oregon's northwestern corner of the Blue Mountains, flowing alongside industrial waste ponds, and over two minor impoundments before reaching the Umatilla River. Lands in the Birch Creek drainage are used for logging, grazing, dairy farming, and factory farming. Birch Creek is a source of phosphates and the resulting eutrophication of the Umatilla River.

Pendleton photographer Walter S. Bowman is believed to have been born by Birch Creek.

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