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Birdbeak dogfish facts for kids

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Birdbeak dogfish
Deania calcea.jpg
Drawing by Bideault
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Deania calcea distmap.png
Range of birdbeak dogfish (in blue)

The birdbeak dogfish (Deania calcea) is a dogfish shark of the family Centrophoridae found in the Pacific Ocean around Honshū, Japan, southern Australia, New Zealand, and Chile, and in the Atlantic Ocean from Iceland south to the Cape of Good Hope.

The birdbeak dogfish has a very long, narrow snout, no anal fin, two long and low dorsal fins with grooved spines, small rectangular pectoral fins, and pitchfork-like denticles. It lives at depths between 73 and 1,450 m. It is ovoviviparous with up to 12 pups per litter. It eats bony fish and shrimp.

In June 2018 the New Zealand Department of Conservation classified the birdbeak dogfish as "Not Threatened" under the New Zealand Threat Classification System.

A study published in the Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom evaluated the reproductive strategy of the female deep-water shark birdbeak dogfish. This research article discovers that there is a close relationship that exists between Hg level of pregnant females and the Hg level of their embryos, which indicates that there is a transfer of mercury from maternal sources. Therefore, there is a matrophoric strategy for the birdbeak dogfish that are ovoviviparous.

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