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Black Island (Ross Archipelago) facts for kids

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Black Island
Black Island and Skidoos at Sunset.jpg
Black Island and Skidoos at sunset
Black Island is located in Antarctica
Black Island
Black Island
Location in Antarctica
Location in Antarctica
Location Antarctica
Coordinates 78°14′S 166°20′E / 78.233°S 166.333°E / -78.233; 166.333
Archipelago Ross Archipelago
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System
Population Uninhabited
C78192s1 Ant.Map Mount Discovery

Black Island (78°14′S 166°20′E / 78.233°S 166.333°E / -78.233; 166.333), in the Ross Archipelago, is immediately west of White Island. It was first named by the Discovery Expedition (1901–04) because of its lack of snow. The island's northernmost point is named Cape Hodgson, commemorating Thomas Vere Hodgson.

The highest point is Mount Aurora, a principal radio relay point. On the minor peak of Mount Melania is the principal earth-based ground-station for the US Antarctic Program.

Black Island is volcanic in origin, consisting of a series of trachytic lava domes and basaltic pyroclastic cones. Potassium–argon dating of Black Island volcanic rocks has given ages ranging from 1.69 to 3.8 million years.

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