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Bloody Angle (battle) facts for kids

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The Bloody Angle
Part of the American Revolutionary War
Date April 19, 1775 (249 years ago) (1775-04-19)
Location 42°27′15″N 71°18′02″W / 42.4541°N 71.3006°W / 42.4541; -71.3006
Massachusetts Bay  Great Britain
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Great Britain Francis Smith
Casualties and losses
4 killed 30 killed or wounded

The Bloody Angle refers to a section of the Battle Road, in Lincoln, Massachusetts, on which two battles were fought on April 19, 1775, during the battles of Lexington and Concord in the first stage of the American Revolutionary War. The stretch of the mainly east–west–running road turns north for about 500 yards (460 m) and then east, as per the direction of travel during the British regulars' retreat from nearby Concord to Boston.


The route deemed to be the Battle Road falls completely within today's Minute Man National Historic Park.

The following points of interest are located along the road (from west to east, to align with the timeline of events of April 19, 1775) in the immediate build-up to the battle at Bloody Angle.

Minute Man National Park 04
One of the grave sites of British soldiers
Meriam's Corner (Lexington Road and Old Bedford Road), Concord

Site of the first confrontation between the colonial militia and the British column. The skirmishes continued for the next eighteen miles. (12.30 PM)

Lexington Road, Concord
Route 2A (North Great Road), Lincoln
SOUTHEAST VIEW OF EXTERIOR - Samuel Brooks House, North Great Road (State Route 2A), Concord, Middlesex County, MA HABS MASS,9-CON,12-1
Samuel Brooks House

The regulars soon reached a point in the road, now referred to as the "Bloody Angle", where the road rises and curves sharply to the left through a lightly wooded area. At this place, the militia company from Woburn had positioned themselves on the southeast side of the bend in the road in a rocky, lightly wooded field. Additional militia flowing parallel to the road from the engagement at Meriam's Corner positioned themselves on the northwest side of the road, catching the British in a crossfire, while other militia companies on the road closed from behind to attack. Some 500 yards (460 m) further along, the road took another sharp curve, this time to the right, and again the British column was caught by another large force of militiamen firing from both sides. In passing through these two sharp curves, the British force lost thirty soldiers killed or wounded, and four colonial militia were also killed, including Captain Jonathan Wilson of Bedford, Captain Nathan Wyman of Billerica, Lt. John Bacon of Natick, and Daniel Thompson of Woburn. The British soldiers escaped by breaking into a trot, a pace that the colonials could not maintain through the woods and swampy terrain. Colonial forces on the road itself behind the British were too densely packed and disorganized to mount more than a harassing attack from the rear.

As militia forces from other towns continued to arrive, the colonial forces had risen to about 2,000 men. The road now straightened to the east, with cleared fields and orchards along the sides. Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith sent out flankers again, who succeeded in trapping some militia from behind and inflicting casualties. British casualties were also mounting from these engagements and from persistent long-range fire from the militiamen, and the exhausted British were running out of ammunition.

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