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Burden, Kansas
Burden water tower (2015)
Burden water tower (2015)
Location within Cowley County and Kansas
Location within Cowley County and Kansas
KDOT map of Cowley County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Cowley
Area
 • Total 0.54 sq mi (1.40 km2)
 • Land 0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
1,381 ft (421 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 535
 • Estimate 
(2015)
533
 • Density 991/sq mi (382.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67019
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-09250
GNIS feature ID 0469910

Burden is a city in Cowley County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 535.

History

In 1879, in anticipation of the coming of the Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern Railroad, the town of Burden was surveyed and laid out by a town company including Robert F. Burden, for whom the town is named. The railroad, whose name changed to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, arrived on February 1, 1882.

The early buildings included a general store, drug store, and post office. The post office, called Burdenville until 1884, was established in 1879. The first newspaper, printed in 1880, was the Enterprise with a circulation in 1882 of 900. A school which had been located one mile north of the town site was relocated to the town in the summer of 1881.

Burden was a station and shipping point on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

Geography

Burden is located at 37°18′51″N 96°45′19″W / 37.31417°N 96.75528°W / 37.31417; -96.75528 (37.314128, -96.755377). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.54 square miles (1.40 km2), of which, 0.53 square miles (1.37 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 157
1890 508 223.6%
1900 519 2.2%
1910 424 −18.3%
1920 441 4.0%
1930 507 15.0%
1940 522 3.0%
1950 541 3.6%
1960 580 7.2%
1970 503 −13.3%
1980 518 3.0%
1990 518 0.0%
2000 564 8.9%
2010 535 −5.1%
2015 (est.) 533 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 535 people, 195 households, and 145 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,009.4 inhabitants per square mile (389.7/km2). There were 234 housing units at an average density of 441.5 per square mile (170.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 1.7% Native American, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 195 households of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.6% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the city was 33.2 years. 31.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% were from 25 to 44; 21% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.

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