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Calcutta, Ohio
Grimms Bridge (1884) crosses the Little Beaver Creek east of Ohio State Route 170
Grimms Bridge (1884) crosses the Little Beaver Creek east of Ohio State Route 170
Location of Calcutta, Ohio
Location of Calcutta, Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
County Columbiana
Township St. Clair
Area
 • Total 11.88 sq mi (30.76 km2)
 • Land 11.86 sq mi (30.73 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
1,115 ft (340 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,742
 • Density 315/sq mi (121.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43920
Area code(s) 330, 234
FIPS code 39-10926
GNIS feature ID 1056753
School District Beaver Local

Calcutta is a census-designated place in southeastern Columbiana County, Ohio, United States. Historically a rural town, Calcutta has experienced much growth since the 1980s as businesses from other areas of East Liverpool moved into larger shopping centers clustered around Ohio State Route 170. The population was 3,742 at the 2010 census.

History

Calcutta was laid out in 1810 as "West Union". It had also been called "Foulkstown", for William Foulks, who built the first brick house there, as well as "Nineveh", after the Biblical city of the same name. Finally, it was renamed "Calcutta", after the Indian city of Kolkata (formerly anglicised as Calcutta). A post office called Calcutta was established in 1838, and remained in operation until 1913.

Geography

Calcutta is located near the center of St. Clair Township at 40°40′56″N 80°34′13″W / 40.68222°N 80.57028°W / 40.68222; -80.57028 (40.682271, -80.570204) in southeastern Columbiana County. The Calcutta CDP extends southwest as far as the U.S. Route 30 expressway, and east and north as far Little Beaver Creek, touching the Pennsylvania state line where the creek crosses the border briefly. The CDP is bordered by Longs Run, a tributary of Little Beaver Creek, on the northwest. To the southwest of Calcutta, across US 30, is the CDP of Glenmoor. The city of East Liverpool is 4 miles (6 km) to the south via St. Clair Avenue.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Calcutta CDP has a total area of 11.88 square miles (30.76 km2), of which 11.86 square miles (30.73 km2) is land and 0.012 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.11%, is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 1,121
1990 1,212 8.1%
2000 3,491 188.0%
2010 3,742 7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,491 people, 1,417 households, and 1,025 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 297.1 people per square mile (114.7/km2). There were 1,473 housing units at an average density of 125.4/sq mi (48.4/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.51% White, 0.17% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

There were 1,417 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the CDP the population was spread out, with 20.6% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,194, and the median income for a family was $45,750. Males had a median income of $41,077 versus $21,352 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,536. About 3.0% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Children in Calcutta are served by the Beaver Local School District. The current schools in the district are:

  • Beaver Local Elementary School – 46090 Bell School Road, grades K-4
  • Beaver Local Middle School – 46090 Bell School Road, grades 5-8
  • Beaver Local High School – 46090 Bell School Road, grades 9-12
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