Columbiana County, Ohio facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Columbiana County, Ohio
Seal of Columbiana County, Ohio
Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Columbiana County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded May 1, 1803
Seat Lisbon
Largest City Salem
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

535 sq mi (1,386 km²)
532 sq mi (1,378 km²)
2.8 sq mi (7 km²), 0.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

107,841
203/sq mi (78/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.columbianacounty.org
Named for: Christopher Columbus
County flag Flag of Columbiana County, Ohio

Columbiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,841. The county seat is Lisbon. The county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus.

Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area. It also abuts the Pittsburgh area directly to the east and south. Pittsburgh International Airport is only a 35-minute drive southeast of East Liverpool, while Downtown Pittsburgh is only 50 minutes away.

Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered part of both Appalachian Ohio and the Steel Valley, sharing more in common culturally with neighboring Western Pennsylvania and West Virginia (both of which are also part of Appalachia) than much of Northeast Ohio in general. Officially considered part of the Youngstown television market, the Steubenville television market regularly reports in the area as well.

History

The principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots, Mingoes, and Delawares. Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, came to the area. George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774.

Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, taking his surname combined with "Anna". The county was the scene of one of the northern-most action fought during the American Civil War; in July 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces.

The county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, which produced more than half of the United States' annual ceramics output. Throughout East Liverpool's ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles (1,390 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 10,878
1820 22,033 102.5%
1830 35,592 61.5%
1840 40,378 13.4%
1850 33,621 −16.7%
1860 32,836 −2.3%
1870 38,299 16.6%
1880 48,602 26.9%
1890 59,029 21.5%
1900 68,590 16.2%
1910 76,619 11.7%
1920 83,131 8.5%
1930 86,484 4.0%
1940 90,121 4.2%
1950 98,920 9.8%
1960 107,004 8.2%
1970 108,310 1.2%
1980 113,572 4.9%
1990 108,276 −4.7%
2000 112,075 3.5%
2010 107,841 −3.8%
Est. 2015 104,806 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
ARC-Ohio-designations-2012
Map showing 2012 Appalachian Regional Commission economic designations for Appalachian Ohio, with Columbiana County marked as "transitional".

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 112,075 people, 42,973 households, and 30,682 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81/km²). There were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 12.9% English, 12.8% American, 12.3% Irish and 9.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 42,973 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,655. About 9.00% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,841 people, 42,683 households, and 29,101 families residing in the county. The population density was 202.7 inhabitants per square mile (78.3/km2). There were 47,088 housing units at an average density of 88.5 per square mile (34.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 29.2% were German, 17.7% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 9.1% were Italian, and 7.6% were American.

Of the 42,683 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 42.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,502 and the median income for a family was $48,948. Males had a median income of $39,614 versus $27,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 12.1% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Columbiana County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Columbiana County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

  • Butler
  • Center
  • Elkrun
  • Fairfield
  • Franklin
  • Hanover
  • Knox
  • Liverpool
  • Madison
  • Middleton
  • Perry
  • Salem
  • St. Clair
  • Unity
  • Washington
  • Wayne
  • West
  • Yellow Creek

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Columbiana County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Township Municipal type
1 Salem partially in Mahoning County 12,303 Perry City
2 East Liverpool 11,195 Liverpool City
3 Columbiana partially in Mahoning County 6,384 Fairfield City
4 East Palestine 4,721 Unity Village
5 Calcutta 3,742 St. Clair CDP
6 Minerva partially in Stark County 3,720 West Village
7 Wellsville 3,541 Yellow Creek Village
8 Lisbon 2,821 Center Village
9 Glenmoor 1,987 St. Clair CDP
10 Leetonia 1,959 Salem Village
11 Salineville 1,311 Washington Village
12 New Waterford 1,238 Unity Village
13 La Croft 1,144 Liverpool CDP
14 Washingtonville partially in Mahoning County 801 Salem Village
15 Lake Tomahawk 485 Middleton CDP
16 Homeworth 481 Knox CDP
17 Damascus partially in Mahoning County 443 Butler CDP
18 Hanoverton 408 Hanover Village
19 Negley 281 Middleton CDP
20 Rogers 237 Middleton Village
21 East Rochester 231 West CDP
22 Summitville 135 Franklin Village

Images for kids


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