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Columbiana County, Ohio facts for kids

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Columbiana County
Columbiana County Courthouse
Flag of Columbiana County
Flag
Official seal of Columbiana County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Columbiana County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded May 1, 1803
Named for Christopher Columbus
Seat Lisbon
Largest city Salem
Area
 • Total 535 sq mi (1,390 km2)
 • Land 532 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.5%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 101,877
 • Density 190.42/sq mi (73.52/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Columbiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 101,877. The county seat is Lisbon. The county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus.

Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area. Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered a part of Appalachian Ohio. While northern communities are more associated with Northeast Ohio, southern communities generally share more in common culturally with Greater Pittsburgh and the Upper Ohio Valley. The largely rural county sits midway between the two urban clusters.

Officially considered part of the Youngstown media market, the Steubenville market media stations regularly report in the area as well.

History

The principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots, Mingoes, and Delawares. Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, came to the area. George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774.

Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, taking his surname combined with "Anna". The county was the scene of one of the northern-most action fought during the American Civil War; in July 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces.

The county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, which produced more than half of the United States' annual ceramics output. Throughout East Liverpool's ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles (1,390 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 10,878
1820 22,033 102.5%
1830 35,592 61.5%
1840 40,378 13.4%
1850 33,621 −16.7%
1860 32,836 −2.3%
1870 38,299 16.6%
1880 48,602 26.9%
1890 59,029 21.5%
1900 68,590 16.2%
1910 76,619 11.7%
1920 83,131 8.5%
1930 86,484 4.0%
1940 90,121 4.2%
1950 98,920 9.8%
1960 107,004 8.2%
1970 108,310 1.2%
1980 113,572 4.9%
1990 108,276 −4.7%
2000 112,075 3.5%
2010 107,841 −3.8%
2020 101,877 −5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020
ARC-Ohio-designations-2012
Map showing 2012 Appalachian Regional Commission economic designations for Appalachian Ohio, with Columbiana County marked as "transitional".

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,841 people, 42,683 households, and 29,101 families residing in the county. The population density was 202.7 inhabitants per square mile (78.3/km2). There were 47,088 housing units at an average density of 88.5 per square mile (34.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 29.2% were German, 17.7% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 9.1% were Italian, and 7.6% were American.

Of the 42,683 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 42.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,502 and the median income for a family was $48,948. Males had a median income of $39,614 versus $27,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 12.1% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Columbiana County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Columbiana County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

  • Butler
  • Center
  • Elkrun
  • Fairfield
  • Franklin
  • Hanover
  • Knox
  • Liverpool
  • Madison
  • Middleton
  • Perry
  • Salem
  • St. Clair
  • Unity
  • Washington
  • Wayne
  • West
  • Yellow Creek

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Columbiana County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Township Municipal type
1 Salem partially in Mahoning County 12,303 Perry City
2 East Liverpool 11,195 Liverpool City
3 Columbiana partially in Mahoning County 6,384 Fairfield City
4 East Palestine 4,721 Unity Village
5 Calcutta 3,742 St. Clair CDP
6 Minerva partially in Stark County 3,720 West Village
7 Wellsville 3,541 Yellow Creek Village
8 Lisbon 2,821 Center Village
9 Glenmoor 1,987 St. Clair CDP
10 Leetonia 1,959 Salem Village
11 Salineville 1,311 Washington Village
12 New Waterford 1,238 Unity Village
13 La Croft 1,144 Liverpool CDP
14 Washingtonville partially in Mahoning County 801 Salem Village
15 Lake Tomahawk 485 Middleton CDP
16 Homeworth 481 Knox CDP
17 Damascus partially in Mahoning County 443 Butler CDP
18 Hanoverton 408 Hanover Village
19 Negley 281 Middleton CDP
20 Rogers 237 Middleton Village
21 East Rochester 231 West CDP
22 Summitville 135 Franklin Village

Education

Colleges and universities

  • Allegheny Wesleyan College
  • Kent State University at East Liverpool
  • Kent State University at Salem

Community, junior, and technical colleges

  • Columbiana County Career and Technical Center
  • New Castle School of Trades
  • Ohio Valley College of Technology

Public school districts

  • Alliance City School District
  • Beaver Local School District
  • Columbiana Exempted Village School District
  • Crestview Local School District
  • East Liverpool City School District
  • East Palestine City School District
  • Leetonia Exempted Village School District
  • Lisbon Exempted Village School District
  • Minerva Local School District
  • Salem City School District
  • Southern Local School District
  • United Local School District
  • Wellsville Local School District
  • West Branch Local School District

High schools

  • Beaver Local High School
  • Columbiana High School
  • Crestview High School
  • David Anderson Junior/Senior High School
  • East Liverpool Junior/Senior High School
  • East Palestine High School
  • Leetonia High School
  • Salem High School
  • Southern Local Junior/Senior High School
  • United High School
  • Wellsville Junior/Senior High School

Private schools

  • Heartland Christian School – Columbiana
  • East Liverpool Christian School – Glenmoor
  • St. Paul Elementary School – Salem

Notable residents

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