Hancock County, West Virginia facts for kids

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Hancock County, West Virginia
Map
Map of West Virginia highlighting Hancock County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded January 15, 1848
Seat New Cumberland
Largest City Weirton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

88 sq mi (228 km²)
83 sq mi (215 km²)
5.4 sq mi (14 km²), 6.1%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

29,815
363/sq mi (140/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.hancockcountywv.org
Named for: John Hancock

Hancock County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 30,676. Its county seat is New Cumberland. The county was created from Brooke County in 1848 and named for John Hancock, first signer of the Declaration of Independence. Hancock County is the farthest north in the state, being at the tip of the state's Northern Panhandle.

Hancock County is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

Hancock County was formed from Brooke County in 1848, some 15 years before West Virginia became a state. Both counties were once part of Ohio County, Virginia, which had been formed from West Augusta District in 1776. Hancock County has significant Revolutionary-period roots due to its location on the Ohio River south of Fort Pitt and north of Fort Henry in Wheeling. It was the site of the infamous massacre of Chief Logan's family in 1774 (at Baker's Tavern across the Ohio River from the mouth of Yellow Creek, the current site of Mountaineer Race Track and Casino), an event that sparked Lord Dunmore's War. Adam Poe had his famous fight with the Indian known as Big Foot at the mouth of Tomlinson Run in 1781. Historical markers commemorate both events. Significant Revolutionary War forts and blockhouses in Hancock County included Holliday's Cove Fort (now downtown Weirton) and Chapman's Blockhouse (New Cumberland). Source: "Every Home a Fort, Every Man a Warrior," Michael Edward Nogay, ISBN 978-0-578-01862-1 [Tri-State Publishing Co., 2009].

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 88 square miles (230 km2), of which 83 square miles (210 km2) is land and 5.4 square miles (14 km2) (6.1%) is water. It is the smallest county in West Virginia by area. The highest point of elevation in Hancock County is approximately 1363 ft. and located about 1800 ft. ESE of Emmanuel Mission Church. [1]

Major highways

  • US 30 / Lincoln Highway
  • WV-2.svg West Virginia Route 2
  • WV-8.svg West Virginia Route 8

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 4,050
1860 4,445 9.8%
1870 4,363 −1.8%
1880 4,882 11.9%
1890 6,414 31.4%
1900 6,693 4.3%
1910 10,465 56.4%
1920 19,975 90.9%
1930 28,511 42.7%
1940 31,572 10.7%
1950 34,388 8.9%
1960 39,615 15.2%
1970 39,749 0.3%
1980 40,418 1.7%
1990 35,233 −12.8%
2000 32,667 −7.3%
2010 30,676 −6.1%
Est. 2015 29,815 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 32,667 people, 13,678 households, and 9,506 families residing in the county. The population density was 394 people per square mile (152/km²). There were 14,728 housing units at an average density of 178 per square mile (69/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.42% White, 2.30% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,678 households out of which 26.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 18.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,759, and the median income for a family was $40,719. Males had a median income of $34,813 versus $19,100 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,724. About 9.00% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,676 people, 13,297 households, and 8,732 families residing in the county. The population density was 371.3 inhabitants per square mile (143.4/km2). There were 14,541 housing units at an average density of 176.0 per square mile (68.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 2.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.1% were German, 18.7% were Irish, 15.6% were Italian, 12.5% were English, 8.0% were Polish, and 6.2% were American.

Of the 13,297 households, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, and 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.80. The median age was 45.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,565 and the median income for a family was $46,978. Males had a median income of $40,961 versus $28,915 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,118. About 11.2% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Hancock County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type
1 Weirton partially in Brooke County 19,746 City
2 Chester 2,585 City
3 Newell 1,376 CDP
4 New Cumberland 1,103 City

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