kids encyclopedia robot

Washington County, Pennsylvania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Washington County
Washington County Courthouse
Flag of Washington County
Flag
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Washington County
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°11′N 80°15′W / 40.19°N 80.25°W / 40.19; -80.25Coordinates: 40°11′N 80°15′W / 40.19°N 80.25°W / 40.19; -80.25
Country  United States
State  Pennsylvania
Founded March 28, 1781
Named for George Washington
Seat Washington
Largest city Washington
Area
 • Total 861 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Land 857 sq mi (2,220 km2)
 • Water 3.9 sq mi (10 km2)  0.5%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
206,865
 • Density 243/sq mi (94/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 14th

Washington County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 207,820. Its county seat is Washington.

Washington County is part of the Pittsburgh, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The county is home to Washington County Airport, three miles (5 km) southwest of Washington.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 861 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 857 square miles (2,220 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 23,892
1800 28,298 18.4%
1810 36,289 28.2%
1820 40,038 10.3%
1830 42,784 6.9%
1840 41,279 −3.5%
1850 44,939 8.9%
1860 46,805 4.2%
1870 48,483 3.6%
1880 55,418 14.3%
1890 71,155 28.4%
1900 92,181 29.5%
1910 143,680 55.9%
1920 188,992 31.5%
1930 204,802 8.4%
1940 210,852 3.0%
1950 209,628 −0.6%
1960 217,271 3.6%
1970 210,876 −2.9%
1980 217,074 2.9%
1990 204,584 −5.8%
2000 202,897 −0.8%
2010 207,820 2.4%
2020 209,349 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2019 2010-2020

As of the census of 2000, there were 202,897 people, 81,130 households, and 56,060 families residing in the county. The population density was 237 people per square mile (91/km2). There were 87,267 housing units at an average density of 102 per square mile (39/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 3.26% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of German, 17.2% Italian, 10.6% Irish, 8.6% English, 7.9% Polish and 6.2% American ancestry.

There were 81,130 households, out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

As of 1800, this county was largely settled by people of Scot-Irish heritage because "prime lands" were already taken by the Germans and the Quakers.

Landmarks and events

LeMoyne House
The F. Julius LeMoyne House serves as the headquarters of the Washington County Historical Society.

Washington County is the home of the PONY Baseball and Softball International Headquarters and is the home of the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum. Washington County is also famous for its Rock Shelters at Meadowcroft Village, which are one of the best preserved and oldest Pre-Clovis Native American dwellings in the country. The county has 21 covered bridges still standing.

The Whiskey Rebellion culminated in Washington. The home of David Bradford, one of the rebellion leaders, is located in Washington and is a national landmark. Just a couple blocks away is the F. Julius LeMoyne House, which serves as the headquarters of the Washington County Historical Society.

Washington County is the home of the first crematory in the United States.

In 1981, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission installed a historical marker noting the historic importance of the county.

Communities

Map of Washington County Pennsylvania With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Washington County, Pennsylvania with municipal labels showing cities and boroughs (red), townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Washington County:

Cities

Boroughs

Townships

  • Amwell
  • Blaine
  • Buffalo
  • Canton
  • Carroll
  • Cecil
  • Chartiers
  • Cross Creek
  • Donegal
  • East Bethlehem
  • East Finley
  • Fallowfield
  • Hanover
  • Hopewell
  • Independence
  • Jefferson
  • Morris
  • Mount Pleasant
  • North Bethlehem
  • North Franklin
  • North Strabane
  • Nottingham
  • Peters
  • Robinson
  • Smith
  • Somerset
  • South Franklin
  • South Strabane
  • Union
  • West Bethlehem
  • West Finley
  • West Pike Run

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law.

Unincorporated communities

Former communities

  • Allen Township
  • Bethlehem Township
  • East Pike Run Township
  • Granville
  • Pike Run
  • Pike Run Township
  • Smallwood
  • South Canonsburg (annexed to Canonsburg in 1911)

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Washington County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Washington City 13,663
2 Canonsburg Borough 8,992
3 California Borough 6,795
4 Donora Borough 4,781
5 McMurray CDP 4,647
6 Monongahela City 4,300
7 Charleroi Borough 4,120
8 Thompsonville CDP 3,520
9 Centerville Borough 3,263
10 Wolfdale CDP 2,888
11 Gastonville CDP 2,818
12 McGovern CDP 2,742
13 Bentleyville Borough 2,581
14 Muse CDP 2,504
15 Cecil-Bishop CDP 2,476
16 East Washington Borough 2,234
17 New Eagle Borough 2,184
18 McDonald (partially in Allegheny County) Borough 2,149
19 Wickerham Manor-Fisher CDP 1,728
20 Baidland CDP 1,563
21 Burgettstown Borough 1,388
22 North Charleroi Borough 1,313
23 Houston Borough 1,296
24 Speers Borough 1,154
25 Ellsworth Borough 1,027
26 West Brownsville Borough 992
27 Midway Borough 913
28 Claysville Borough 829
29 Meadowlands CDP 822
30 Roscoe Borough 812
31 Avella CDP 804
32 Hickory CDP 740
33 Paris CDP 732
34 Deemston Borough 722
35 Langeloth CDP 717
36 Millsboro CDP 666
37 Eighty Four CDP 657
38 Cokeburg Borough 630
39 West Alexander CDP 604
40 Slovan CDP 555
41 Lawrence CDP 540
42 Allenport Borough 537
43 Joffre CDP 536
44 Stockdale Borough 502
45 Marianna Borough 494
46 Beallsville Borough 466
47 Finleyville Borough 461
48 Long Branch Borough 447
49 Bulger CDP 407
50 Fredericktown CDP 403
51 Atlasburg CDP 401
52 Wylandville CDP 391
53 Dunlevy Borough 381
54 Hendersonville CDP 325
55 Elco Borough 323
56 Elrama CDP 307
57 Southview CDP 276
58 Aaronsburg CDP 259
59 Twilight Borough 233
60 Taylorstown CDP 217
61 Westland CDP 167
62 Van Voorhis CDP 166
T-63 Coal Center Borough 139
T-63 West Middletown Borough 139
64 Cross Creek CDP 137
65 Green Hills Borough 29

Education

Colleges and universities

  • California University of Pennsylvania in California Borough
  • Community College of Allegheny County Washington branch in North Franklin Township
  • Washington & Jefferson College in the City of Washington and East Washington Borough
  • Waynesburg University- Southpointe Center Campus in Cecil Township.

Public school districts

Map of Washington County Pennsylvania School Districts
Map of Washington County, Pennsylvania School Districts
  • Avella Area School District
  • Bentworth School District
  • Bethlehem-Center School District
  • Brownsville Area School District (also in Fayette County)
  • Burgettstown Area School District
  • California Area School District
  • Canon-McMillan School District
  • Charleroi School District
  • Chartiers-Houston School District
  • Fort Cherry School District (also in Allegheny County)
  • McGuffey School District
  • Peters Township School District
  • Ringgold School District
  • Trinity Area School District
  • Washington School District
Served by
  • Intermediate Unit 1 – Coal Center
  • Mon Valley Career and Technology Center – Charleroi
  • Western Area Career and Technology Center – Canonsburg

Private schools

  • Calvary Chapel Christian School – Fredericktown
  • Central Christian Academy – Houston
  • Children's School of Washington
  • Cornerstone Mennonite School – Burgettstown
  • Faith Christian School of Washington – Washington
  • First Love Christian Academy High – Washington
  • Goddard School – Venetia
  • Gwens Montessori School Inc – Washington
  • Hickory Christian School – Hickory
  • Huntington Learning Center – McMurray
  • John F Kennedy School – Washington
  • Kinder Care Learning Centers
  • Lakeview Christian Academy – Bridgeville
  • Madonna Catholic Regional School – Monongahela
  • Mel Blount Leadership Academy – Claysville
  • NHS School – Ellsworth
  • Rainbows End Learning Center – Washington
  • St Francis Children's School – Beallsville
  • Tri-State Christian School – Burgettstown

Libraries

Citizens Library
Citizens Library in Washington, PA
  • Avella Area Library Center
  • Bentleyville Public Library
  • Burgettstown Community Library
  • California Public Library
  • Chartiers-Houston Community Library
  • Citizens Library – Washington
  • Donora Public Library
  • Frank Sarris Public Library – Canonsburg
  • Fredericktown Area Public Library
  • Heritage Public Library – McDonald
  • John K Tener Library – Charleroi
  • Marianna Community Public Library
  • Monongahela Area Library
  • Peters Township Public Library
  • Washington County Library System

Notable people

  • John Alexander Anderson, born in Washington County, United States Congressman from Kansas
  • Jonathan Arnold, brother-in-law of Gen. Stonewall Jackson.
  • James G. Blaine (1830–1893), native of West Brownsville, United States Secretary of State, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and 1884 Republican presidential nominee
  • David Bradford, born in Maryland 1760 and resided in Washington, early deputy attorney-general for Washington County, became a leader in the Whiskey Rebellion challenging the nascent United States federal government
  • Alexander G. Clark (1826–1891), born in Washington County, "The Colored Orator of the West", Minister to Liberia 1890–1891
  • William J. Carson (1840–1913), Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, 1863
  • Perry Como (1912–2001), native of Canonsburg, recording artist and television performer
  • Mitch Daniels (born 1949), native of Monongahela, former Governor of Indiana, current president of Purdue University
  • iJustine (born 1984), YouTube personality and actress
  • Alexander Fulton (unknown-died ca. 1818), founder of Alexandria, Louisiana
  • Ken Griffey, Jr. (born 1969), native of Donora, Major League Baseball player
  • Ken Griffey, Sr. (born 1950), native of Donora, Major League Baseball player
  • John Guzik (1936–2012), football player
  • Joseph Hardy (born 1924), former resident of Eighty Four, philanthropist, former CEO and founder of 84 Lumber
  • Pete Henry (1897–1952), NFL player/coach, member of Pro Football Hall of Fame.
  • Shirley Jones (born 1934), native of Charleroi, best known for her role as the mother of the Partridge Family and winning an Academy Award.
  • Jonathan Letterman (1824–1872), native of Canonsburg, Father of Battlefield Medicine and Civil War surgeon
  • William Henry Letterman (1832–1881), native of Canonsburg, co-founder of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity, surgeon, and brother of Jonathan Letterman
  • Marvin Lewis (born 1958), native of McDonald, National Football League player, coach
  • Jay Livingston (1915–2001), native of McDonald, Oscar-winning songwriter
  • William Holmes McGuffey (1800–1873), native of the western side of the county, famous educator and writer of McGuffey's Eclectic Readers – one of America's first text books
  • John F. McJunkin (1830–1883), Iowa Attorney General
  • John H. Mitchell (1835–1905), United States Senator, participant in original dispute in landmark Supreme Court case Pennoyer v. Neff
  • Joe Montana (born 1956), native of Monongahela, National Football League player
  • Stan Musial (1920–2013), native of Donora, Major League Baseball player
  • Deborah Jeane Palfrey (1956–2008), native of Charleroi, "The D.C. Madam"
  • John Walker Rankin (1823–1869), Iowa state senator
  • David Redick (died 1805), Vice-President (Lt. Governor) of Pennsylvania for three weeks in 1788; surveyor—laid out the town of Washington.
  • Kurt Schottenheimer (born 1949), native of McDonald, National Football League coach
  • Marty Schottenheimer (1943–2021), native of McDonald, National Football League player, coach
  • Paul Shannon (1909–1990), radio and television personality
  • Bobby Vinton (born 1935), native of Canonsburg, recording artist
  • Bob West (born 1956), native of Finleyville, voice actor best known for Barney & Friends
  • Joseph Ruggles Wilson (1822–1903), graduate of Jefferson College (subsequently W&J), Presbyterian minister, father of Pres. Woodrow Wilson
  • Bud Yorkin (1926–2015), American film and television producer, director, writer and actor.
  • Christopher Rankin (1788-1826), member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Mississippi's at-large district, namesake of Rankin County
kids search engine
Washington County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.