James G. Blaine facts for kids

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James G. Blaine
James G. Blaine - Brady-Handy.jpg
31st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1875
31st United States Secretary of State
In office
March 7, 1889 – June 4, 1892
28th United States Secretary of State
In office
March 7, 1881 – December 19, 1881
United States Senator
from Maine
In office
July 10, 1876 – March 5, 1881
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1863 – July 10, 1876
Personal details
Born
James Gillespie Blaine

January 31, 1830
West Brownsville, Pennsylvania
Died January 27, 1893(1893-01-27) (aged 62)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Signature

James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830 – January 27, 1893) was an American Republican politician. He was a United States Representative. In his time he held office as, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, U.S. Senator from Maine, the Secretary of State twice and was also nominated to be President.

Early life

Blaine was born on January 31, 1830 in West Brownsville, Pennsylvania. He was the third child of Ephraim Lyon Blaine and his wife Maria Gillespie Blaine. He was educated at Washington College and later met his wife Harriet Stanwood. They married in 1850 and had seven children.

Career

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Blaine in 1884

Blaine was a Republican. He was Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1869 until 1875. He was chosen by the 18th United States President Ulysses S. Grant.

Blaine would later served as the Senator from Maine from 1876 through 1881. Secondly he served as the Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maine's 3rd district from 1863 until 1876. Then as the 28th and 31st United States Secretary of State from 1881 through 1881 and then again in 1889 through 1892.

On July 2, 1881, Blaine and President James A. Garfield were walking up to the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad in Washington, D.C. when Charles J. Guiteau shot Garfield in the back.

The Republicans nominated Blaine for President in 1884 but Grover Cleveland won the election.

Death

Blaine died just 4 days short from his 63rd birthday on January 27, 1893 in his Washington, D.C. home from a heart attack, aged 62. He was later buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington, D.C. and was later re-buried in Blaine Memorial Park, Augusta, Maine, in 1920.

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