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Thomas Brackett Reed
Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Reed c. 1870s
32nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
December 2, 1895 – March 3, 1899
President Grover Cleveland
William McKinley
Preceded by Charles F. Crisp
Succeeded by David B. Henderson
In office
December 4, 1889 – March 3, 1891
President Benjamin Harrison
Preceded by John G. Carlisle
Succeeded by Charles F. Crisp
Leader of the
House Republican Conference
In office
December 4, 1889 – March 3, 1899
Preceded by James G. Blaine
Succeeded by David B. Henderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1877 – September 4, 1899
Preceded by John H. Burleigh
Succeeded by Amos L. Allen
Maine Attorney General
In office
Governor Joshua Chamberlain
Sidney Perham
Preceded by William P. Frye
Succeeded by Harris M. Plaisted
Member of the Maine Senate
In office
Member of the Maine House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born (1839-10-18)October 18, 1839
Portland, Maine
Died December 7, 1902(1902-12-07) (aged 63)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Alma mater Bowdoin College
Profession Law

Thomas Brackett Reed (October 18, 1839 – December 7, 1902), was an American politician from the state of Maine. A member of the Republican Party, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives 12 times, first in 1876, and served as Speaker of the House, from 1889 to 1891 and again from 1895 to 1899.

Occasionally ridiculed as "Czar Reed", he had great influence over the agenda and operations of the House, more so than any previous speaker. He increased the Speaker's power by instituting the "Reed Rules," which limited the ability of the minority party to prevent the establishment of a quorum.

Reed helped pass the Lodge Bill, which sought to protect African American voting rights in the Southern United States, but the bill failed to pass in the Senate and never became law. He opposed the Spanish–American War and resigned from Congress in 1899.

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