Marshall County, West Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Marshall County, West Virginia
Map
Map of West Virginia highlighting Marshall County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded March 12, 1835
Seat Moundsville
Largest City Moundsville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

312 sq mi (808 km²)
305 sq mi (790 km²)
6.7 sq mi (17 km²), 2.2%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

31,978
106/sq mi (41/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.marshallcountywv.org/

Marshall County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. At the 2010 census, the population was 33,107. Its county seat is Moundsville. With its southern border at the Mason-Dixon line, it forms the base of the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia.

Marshall County is part of the Wheeling, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Marshall County is home to the largest conical burial mound in North America, at Moundsville. Marshall County was formed in 1835 from Ohio County by act of the Virginia Assembly. In 1852, on Christmas Eve, workers completed the Baltimore & Ohio railroad at Rosby's Rock in Marshall County. It is home to the New Vrindaban community of Hare Krishnas, and Prabhupada's Palace of Gold.

History

It was named in honor of John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, who died in 1835.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 312 square miles (810 km2), of which 305 square miles (790 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (2.2%) is water.

Major Highways

  • US 250.svg U.S. Highway 250
  • WV-2.svg West Virginia Route 2
  • WV-86.svg West Virginia Route 86
  • WV-88.svg West Virginia Route 88
  • WV-891.svg West Virginia Route 891

Adjacent Counties

National protected area

  • Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,937
1850 10,138 46.1%
1860 12,997 28.2%
1870 14,941 15.0%
1880 18,840 26.1%
1890 20,735 10.1%
1900 26,444 27.5%
1910 32,388 22.5%
1920 33,681 4.0%
1930 39,831 18.3%
1940 40,189 0.9%
1950 36,893 −8.2%
1960 38,041 3.1%
1970 37,598 −1.2%
1980 41,608 10.7%
1990 37,356 −10.2%
2000 35,519 −4.9%
2010 33,107 −6.8%
Est. 2015 31,978 −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

At the census of 2000, there were 35,519 people, 14,207 households, and 10,101 families residing in the county. The population density was 116 people per square mile (45/km²). There were 15,814 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.40% White, 0.43% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,207 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,989, and the median income for a family was $39,053. Males had a median income of $31,821 versus $19,053 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,472. About 12.40% of families and 16.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over. 0% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,107 people, 13,869 households, and 9,359 families residing in the county. The population density was 108.4 inhabitants per square mile (41.9/km2). There were 15,918 housing units at an average density of 52.1 per square mile (20.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.2% were German, 17.6% were Irish, 13.0% were English, 9.6% were American, 7.0% were Polish, and 6.6% were Italian.

Of the 13,869 households, 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, and 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 44.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,419 and the median income for a family was $43,482. Males had a median income of $41,193 versus $26,585 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,064. About 13.9% of families and 18.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities


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