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Monroe County, Ohio facts for kids

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Monroe County
Monroe County Courthouse
Monroe County Courthouse
Official seal of Monroe County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Monroe County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded March 1, 1815
Named for James Monroe
Seat Woodsfield
Largest village Woodsfield
Area
 • Total 457 sq mi (1,180 km2)
 • Land 456 sq mi (1,180 km2)
 • Water 1.7 sq mi (4 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 13,385
 • Density 29.29/sq mi (11.308/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th

Monroe County is a county located on the eastern border of the U.S. state of Ohio, across the Ohio River from West Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 13,385, making it the second-least populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Woodsfield. The county was created in 1813 and later organized in 1815.

History

Monroe County was formed on January 28, 1813 from portions of Belmont, Guernsey and Washington counties. It was named after James Monroe, the U.S. Secretary of State when the county was formed, and later fifth President of the United States.

On or about December 20, 2011, Exxon Mobil Corp., a New Jersey petroleum company, via its subsidiary XTO Energy, acquired 20,056 acres of Monroe County Utica Shale gas leases from Beck Energy.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 457 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 456 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Wayne National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,645
1830 8,768 88.8%
1840 18,521 111.2%
1850 28,351 53.1%
1860 25,741 −9.2%
1870 25,779 0.1%
1880 26,496 2.8%
1890 25,175 −5.0%
1900 27,031 7.4%
1910 24,244 −10.3%
1920 20,660 −14.8%
1930 18,426 −10.8%
1940 18,641 1.2%
1950 15,362 −17.6%
1960 15,268 −0.6%
1970 15,739 3.1%
1980 17,382 10.4%
1990 15,497 −10.8%
2000 15,180 −2.0%
2010 14,642 −3.5%
2020 13,385 −8.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,642 people, 6,065 households, and 4,183 families living in the county. The population density was 32.1 inhabitants per square mile (12.4/km2). There were 7,567 housing units at an average density of 16.6 per square mile (6.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.1% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 34.8% were German, 14.5% were Irish, 10.6% were English, and 9.6% were American.

Of the 6,065 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 44.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,030 and the median income for a family was $43,261. Males had a median income of $39,261 versus $24,922 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,738. About 12.3% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Monroe County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Monroe County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Villages

Townships

  • Adams
  • Benton
  • Bethel
  • Center
  • Franklin
  • Green
  • Jackson
  • Lee
  • Malaga
  • Ohio
  • Perry
  • Salem
  • Seneca
  • Summit
  • Sunsbury
  • Switzerland
  • Washington
  • Wayne

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Education

Monroe County contains the following schools through the Switzerland of Ohio Local School District:

  • Elementary Schools
  • High Schools
    • Monroe Central High School in Woodsfield, Ohio
    • River High School in Hannibal, Ohio
    • Beallsville High School in Beallsville, Ohio
  • Career Center
    • Swiss Hills Career Center in Woodsfield, Ohio

Notable people

Images for kids

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