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New Cumberland, West Virginia facts for kids

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New Cumberland, West Virginia
Oliver S. Marshall House
Location of New Cumberland, West Virginia
Location of New Cumberland, West Virginia
Coordinates: 40°29′57″N 80°36′29″W / 40.49917°N 80.60806°W / 40.49917; -80.60806Coordinates: 40°29′57″N 80°36′29″W / 40.49917°N 80.60806°W / 40.49917; -80.60806
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Hancock
 • Total 1.86 sq mi (4.82 km2)
 • Land 1.22 sq mi (3.16 km2)
 • Water 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
722 ft (220 m)
 • Total 1,103
 • Estimate 
 • Density 904.1/sq mi (349.1/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-58372
GNIS feature ID 1555205

New Cumberland is a city in and the county seat of Hancock County, West Virginia, United States, along the Ohio River. It is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, a subsection of the Pittsburgh Tri-State. The population was 1,103 as of the 2010 census. It was also known historically as Cuppy Town and Vernon.


Upper and Lower Clay Mines at Etna Plant in New Cumberland, West Virginia
Clay mines in New Cumberland, 1907

In 1900, 2,198 people lived in New Cumberland; in 1910, 1,807; and in 2000, 1,099. Local industry in the past involved the manufacture of fire and paving brick, sewer pipe, glassware, foundry and machine-shop products, and tiling. There were also coal mines and mills for the pulverization of fire clay for use in ironworks.

The First National Bank-Graham Building and Marshall House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Clifton Sewer Pipe yard, New Cumberland, West Virginia
Clifton Sewer Pipe yard, 1907

New Cumberland is located at 40°29′57″N 80°36′29″W / 40.49917°N 80.60806°W / 40.49917; -80.60806 (40.499146, -80.607960).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.86 square miles (4.82 km2), of which, 1.22 square miles (3.16 km2) is land and 0.64 square miles (1.66 km2) is water. Due to the relative proximity of the Ohio River, New Cumberland has been the victim of several floods. Notable floods include 1959, where approximately 60 families were evacuated.


This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, New Cumberland has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,218
1890 2,305 89.2%
1900 2,198 −4.6%
1910 1,807 −17.8%
1920 1,816 0.5%
1930 2,300 26.7%
1940 2,098 −8.8%
1950 2,119 1.0%
1960 2,076 −2.0%
1970 1,865 −10.2%
1980 1,752 −6.1%
1990 1,363 −22.2%
2000 1,099 −19.4%
2010 1,103 0.4%
2015 (est.) 1,063 −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,103 people, 526 households, and 289 families residing in the city. The population density was 904.1 inhabitants per square mile (349.1/km2). There were 583 housing units at an average density of 477.9 per square mile (184.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 526 households of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.1% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 47.3 years. 18.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 32.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

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