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East Palestine, Ohio
Village of East Palestine
Businesses along Market Street in Downtown
Businesses along Market Street in Downtown
Motto(s): 
"Where You Want To Be"
Location of East Palestine in Columbiana County and the State of Ohio
Location of East Palestine in Columbiana County and the State of Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
County Columbiana
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • Total 3.15 sq mi (8.16 km2)
 • Land 3.15 sq mi (8.16 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,001 ft (305 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,761
 • Density 1,511.43/sq mi (583.46/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44413
Area code(s) 330, 234, 878
FIPS code 39-23940
GNIS feature ID 1064586
School District East Palestine City
Website http://www.eastpalestine-oh.gov/

East Palestine ( pal-Ə-steen) is a village in eastern Columbiana County, Ohio, United States. The population was 4,761 at the 2020 census. Located on the state's border with Pennsylvania, East Palestine is 20 miles (32 km) south of Youngstown and 50 miles (80 km) northwest of downtown Pittsburgh as part of the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

East Palestine is located along the Norfolk Southern Railway, and has a freight train station. From the 1870s until the mid 1960s, East Palestine was home to a large industry in ceramics and tire manufacturing. Since then, it has relied on its close proximity to industries in the metropolitan areas of Youngstown and Pittsburgh.

History

The town was founded in 1828 and incorporated as a city in 1875. Nearby clay pits supported a pottery industry; the W. S. George Pottery Company was formed in 1909 from the East Palestine Pottery Company and operated in the town until the 1950s. Formerly, East Palestine was called Mechanicsburg, but was changed to "East Palestine" as part of a religious nomenclature in that area such as New Galilee and Enon Valley, Pennsylvania. Mechanicsburg is today a name given to a village in Champaign County, near the opposite border of the state from East Palestine.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, East Palestine has a total area of 3.15 square miles (8.16 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,047
1890 1,816 73.4%
1900 2,493 37.3%
1910 3,537 41.9%
1920 5,750 62.6%
1930 5,215 −9.3%
1940 5,123 −1.8%
1950 5,195 1.4%
1960 5,232 0.7%
1970 5,604 7.1%
1980 5,306 −5.3%
1990 5,168 −2.6%
2000 4,917 −4.9%
2010 4,721 −4.0%
2020 4,761 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,721 people, 1,898 households, and 1,282 families living in the city. The population density was 1,498.7 inhabitants per square mile (578.7/km2). There were 2,125 housing units at an average density of 674.6 per square mile (260.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 1,898 households, of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 40.7 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.5% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

Education

East Palestine, Ohio Public Library
East Palestine Memorial Public Library.

Children in East Palestine are served by the East Palestine City School District. The district formerly operated multiple schools throughout the city; however, a new middle school and a renovated elementary campus were erected surrounding the existing high school in 1997. The current schools in the district are:

  • East Palestine Elementary School – grades K-4
  • East Palestine Middle School – grades 5-8
  • East Palestine High School – grades 9-12

The village is home to a public library, first opened in 1920.

Notable residents

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