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Columbiana, Ohio
City of Columbiana
Downtown Columbiana
Downtown Columbiana
Motto(s): 
"The City with the Small-Town Heart"
Location of Columbiana in Columbiana and Mahoning Counties and the State of Ohio
Location of Columbiana in Columbiana and Mahoning Counties and the State of Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Columbiana, Mahoning
Townships Beaver, Fairfield, Unity
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
Area
 • Total 6.15 sq mi (15.94 km2)
 • Land 6.08 sq mi (15.75 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2)
Elevation
1,158 ft (353 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 6,559
 • Density 1,066.50/sq mi (411.48/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44408
Area code(s) 330, 234
FIPS code 39-17036
GNIS feature ID 1060989
School District Columbiana Exempted Village

Columbiana is a city in Columbiana and Mahoning counties in the U.S. state of Ohio. The population was 6,559 at the 2020 census. The larger portion of the city, located in northern Columbiana County, is part of the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, while the smaller Mahoning County portion is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Both the Norfolk Southern Railway and the Youngstown and Southeastern Railroad pass through the city.

The childhood home of notable inventor and businessman Harvey S. Firestone, the city hosts the annual Shaker Woods Arts & Crafts Festival, which brings national attention to the city in the summer and fall seasons. Retail options include a commercialized downtown area, a series of businesses located along Ohio Route 14, as well as Firestone Farms, a 1930s-themed outdoor business district. In 2019, Columbiana was named "The Nicest Place In America" by Reader's Digest.

History

Columbiana was laid out by Joshua Dixon in 1805. The city takes its name from Columbiana County. Columbiana was incorporated as a village in 1837. The village officially became a city in 2000.

Geography

Columbiana is located at 40°53′8″N 80°41′18″W / 40.88556°N 80.68833°W / 40.88556; -80.68833 (40.885579, -80.688327).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.14 square miles (15.90 km2), of which 6.00 square miles (15.54 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,174
1870 870 −25.9%
1880 1,223 40.6%
1890 1,112 −9.1%
1900 1,339 20.4%
1910 1,582 18.1%
1920 2,114 33.6%
1930 2,485 17.5%
1940 2,687 8.1%
1950 3,369 25.4%
1960 4,164 23.6%
1970 4,959 19.1%
1980 4,987 0.6%
1990 4,961 −0.5%
2000 5,635 13.6%
2010 6,384 13.3%
2020 6,559 2.7%
Sources:

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 6,384 people in 2,881 households, including 1,763 families, in the city. The population density was 1,064.0 inhabitants per square mile (410.8/km2). There were 3,181 housing units at an average density of 530.2 per square mile (204.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.6% African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.0%.

Of the 2,881 households 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.8% were non-families. 34.5% of households were one person and 18.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age was 49.4 years. 17.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 27.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

Arts and culture

One major town event is the Columbiana Street Fair, a civic festival hosted by American Legion Post #290. It is held on the Thursday through Saturday following Labor Day. Columbiana also hosts the Harvey S. Firestone Festival of the Arts on the first Saturday in August; and the Shaker Woods Festival on the second, third and fourth weekends (Saturdays and Sundays) of August. Columbiana also prides itself on its annual Community Celebration which runs from 8am to 10pm on the Fourth of July at Firestone Park, with the day concluding with one of the area's best fireworks displays.

Education

Children in Columbiana are served by the Columbiana Exempted Village School District. The current schools in the district are:

  • Joshua Dixon Elementary School – 333 N Middle Street, grades K-4
  • Columbiana Middle School – 720 Columbiana-Waterford Road, grades 5-8
  • Columbiana High School – 700 Columbiana-Waterford Road, grades 9-12

Some local children attend Heartland Christian School, which first opened for the 1996–1997 school year. The school's philosophy is based on the Bible.

The city contains a public library, first opened in 1933.

Notable people

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