Lawrence County, Pennsylvania facts for kids
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Lawrence County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
|Founded||March 20, 1849|
|Named for||USS Lawrence|
|Largest city||New Castle|
|• Total||363 sq mi (940 km2)|
|• Land||358 sq mi (930 km2)|
|• Water||4.5 sq mi (12 km2) 1.3%%|
| • Estimate
|• Density||246/sq mi (95/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Congressional districts||3rd, 12th|
Lawrence County makes up the entire New Castle, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.
- Micropolitan Statistical Area
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Lawrence County was created on March 20, 1849, from parts of Beaver and Mercer counties due to the rapid growth of New Castle, which was primarily in Mercer County but was rapidly expanding into Beaver County. The former borders between Beaver and Mercer Counties are still evident in Lawrence County today, as the northern borders of North Beaver Township, Shenango Township, and Slippery Rock Township with (respectively) the southern borders of Mahoning Township, Hickory Township, and Scott Township make up the former boundaries between Beaver and Mercer Counties. In addition, County Line Road in New Castle where the Lawrence County Courthouse is located also marks the former boundaries.
It was named after naval officer James Lawrence, who died during the War of 1812.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 363 square miles (940 km2), of which 358 square miles (930 km2) is land and 4.5 square miles (12 km2) (1.3%) is water. Major waterways are the Shenango River, Neshannock Creek and the Mahoning River which form the Beaver River. Also, the Slippery Rock Creek and Connoquenessing Creak empty into the Beaver River.
- Mercer County (north)
- Butler County (east)
- Beaver County (south)
- Columbiana County, Ohio (southwest)
- Mahoning County, Ohio (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 94,643 people, 37,091 households, and 25,889 families residing in the county. The population density was 263 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 39,635 housing units at an average density of 110 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.98% White, 3.61% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.1% were of Italian, 21.7% German, 9.3% Irish, 6.8% English and 6.8% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 37,091 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.90 males.
Micropolitan Statistical Area
- See also: List of Micropolitan Statistical Areas and List of Combined Statistical Areas
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Lawrence County as the New Castle, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the micropolitan area ranked 3rd most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 48th most populous in the United States with a population of 91,108. Lawrence County is also a part of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the population of Lawrence, as well as the Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Indiana, Washington and Westmoreland county areas in Pennsylvania. In West Virginia the counties included are Brooke and Hancock. And in Ohio, Jefferson County. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 4th in the State of Pennsylvania and 20th most populous in the United States with a population of 2,660,727.
- New Castle Municipal Airport
- New Castle Area Transit Authority
- I-76 / Penna Turnpike
- Interstate 79
- Interstate 376
- Pennsylvania Route 18
- Pennsylvania Route 65
- Pennsylvania Route 388
- Pennsylvania Route 551
- U.S. Route 19
- U.S. Route 224
- U.S. Route 422
- Gaston Park (New Castle)
- McConnells Mill State Park (Slippery Rock Twp)
- Pearson Park (Neshannock Twp)
- Marti Park
- New Wilmington Borough Park
State Game Lands
- SGL 148 (New Beaver)
- SGL 150 (Pulaski Twp)
- SGL 151 (Washington Twp)
- SGL 178 (Neshannock Twp)
- SGL 216 (Scott Twp)
- North Country Trail
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lawrence County:
- New Castle (county seat)
- Little Beaver
- North Beaver
- Plain Grove
- Slippery Rock
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Various unincorporated communities that lie within and are part of official municipalities.
- Big Beaver Borough- was encepted on March 7, 1958. Until that date it was known as Big Beaver Township which was formed in 1802 when South Beaver Township was divided. In 1849 when Lawrence County was created, the new county line split Big Beaver leaving a township of that name in each county. Big Beaver in Lawrence County is now known as New Beaver Borough.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Lawrence County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|1||† New Castle||City||23,273|
|2||Ellwood City (partially in Beaver County)||Borough||7,921|
|7||New Castle Northwest||CDP||1,413|
|13||South New Castle||Borough||709|
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Lawrence County, Pennsylvania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.