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Stark County, Ohio facts for kids

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Stark County
Stark County Courthouse
Official seal of Stark County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Stark County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded January 1, 1809
Named for John Stark
Seat Canton
Largest city Canton
Area
 • Total 581 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Land 575 sq mi (1,490 km2)
 • Water 5.3 sq mi (14 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 374,853
 • Density 645.2/sq mi (249.11/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 7th, 13th, 16th

Stark County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 374,853. Its county seat is Canton. The county was created in 1808 and organized the next year. It is named for John Stark, an officer in the American Revolutionary War.

Stark County is included in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History

Stark County was named in honor of American Revolutionary War General John Stark. John Stark (August 28, 1728 – May 8, 1822) was a general who served in the American Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He became widely known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777.

During the early 20th century, Stark County was an important location in the early development of professional football. The rivalry between the Massillon Tigers and Canton Bulldogs helped bring the Ohio League to prominence in the mid-1900s (decade) and again in the late 1910s. The Bulldogs ended up a charter member of the National Football League, where it played for several years. (The role Stark County had in developing the game is part of the reason the Pro Football Hall of Fame is located in Canton.) Two relatively large football stadiums, Fawcett Stadium in Canton and Paul Brown Tiger Stadium in Massillon, are still in use (albeit now mostly for high school football), with Fawcett Stadium hosting the NFL's annual Pro Football Hall of Fame Game each year.

In the later 20th century, Stark County's voting record swung from one party to another, closely tracking the winner of the U.S. Presidential election. Even within the swing state of Ohio, Stark County is regarded as a quintessential bellwether, and thus presidential candidates have typically made multiple visits to the region. Major media outlets typically pay close attention to the election results in the county. The New York Times in particular has covered the county's citizens and their voting concerns in a series of features each election cycle for over a decade.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 575 square miles (1,490 km2) is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) (0.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,734
1820 12,406 353.8%
1830 26,588 114.3%
1840 34,603 30.1%
1850 39,878 15.2%
1860 42,978 7.8%
1870 52,508 22.2%
1880 64,031 21.9%
1890 84,170 31.5%
1900 94,747 12.6%
1910 122,987 29.8%
1920 177,218 44.1%
1930 221,784 25.1%
1940 234,887 5.9%
1950 283,194 20.6%
1960 340,345 20.2%
1970 372,210 9.4%
1980 378,823 1.8%
1990 367,585 −3.0%
2000 378,098 2.9%
2010 375,586 −0.7%
2020 374,853 −0.2%
U.S. decennial census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990–2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 375,586 people, 151,089 households, and 100,417 families living in the county. The population density was 652.9 inhabitants per square mile (252.1/km2). There were 165,215 housing units at an average density of 287.2 per square mile (110.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.7% white, 7.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 33.6% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 10.1% were English, 10.1% were Italian, and 7.7% were American.

Of the 151,089 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 41.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,941 and the median income for a family was $55,976. Males had a median income of $44,238 versus $31,896 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,015. About 9.5% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Stark County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Stark County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

  • Bethlehem
  • Canton
  • Jackson
  • Lake
  • Lawrence
  • Lexington
  • Marlboro
  • Nimishillen
  • Osnaburg
  • Paris
  • Perry
  • Pike
  • Plain
  • Sandy
  • Sugar Creek
  • Tuscarawas
  • Washington

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Education

Colleges and universities

  • Kent State University at Stark
  • Malone University
  • Stark State College
  • University of Mount Union
  • Walsh University

Community, junior, and technical colleges

  • R. G. Drage Career Technical Center

Public school districts

  • Alliance City School District
  • Canton City School District
  • Canton Local School District
  • Fairless Local School District
  • Jackson Local School District
  • Lake Local School District
  • Louisville City School District
  • Marlington Local School District
  • Massilon City School District
  • Minerva Local School District
  • North Canton City School District
  • Northwest Local School District
  • Osnaburg Local School District
  • Perry Local School District
  • Plain Local School District
  • Sandy Valley Local School District
  • Tuslaw Local School District

High schools

  • Alliance High School
  • Canton McKinley High School
  • Canton South High School
  • Central Catholic High School
  • East Canton High School
  • Fairless High School
  • GlenOak High School
  • Heritage Christian School
  • Hoover High School
  • Indian River High School
  • Jackson High School
  • Jackson School for the Arts
  • Lake Center Christian School
  • Lake High School
  • Louisville High School
  • Marlington High School
  • Massillon Christian School
  • Minerva High School
  • Northwest High School
  • Perry High School
  • St. Thomas Aquinas High School
  • Washington High School
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