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Holmes County
Holmes County Courthouse, with the Grant Memorial Statue
Holmes County Courthouse, with the Grant Memorial Statue
Official seal of Holmes County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Holmes County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded January 4, 1825
Named for Andrew Holmes
Seat Millersburg
Largest village Millersburg
Area
 • Total 424 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Land 423 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water 1.4 sq mi (4 km2)  0.3%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 44,223
 • Density 104.30/sq mi (40.27/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 7th

Holmes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 44,223. Its county seat is Millersburg. The county was formed in 1824 from portions of Coshocton, Tuscarawas and Wayne counties and organized the following year. It was named after Andrew Holmes, an officer killed in the War of 1812.

Holmes County, which was about 42% Amish in 2010, is home to the second largest Amish community (after Lancaster County, Pennsylvania) in the world, which draws many visitors to the county.

History

Holmes County was formed on January 20, 1824 from portions of Coshocton, Tuscarawas and Wayne counties. It was named after Andrew Holmes, an officer in the War of 1812. During the Civil War, small-scale riots broke out in ethnic German areas. Holmes County was an isolated localistic area dominated by Pennsylvania Dutch and some recent German immigrants. It was a Democratic stronghold and few men dared speak out in favor of conscription. Local politicians denounced Lincoln and Congress as despotic, seeing the draft law as a violation of their local autonomy. In June 1863, small scale disturbances broke out; they ended when the Army sent in armed units.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 424 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 423 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 9,135
1840 18,088 98.0%
1850 20,452 13.1%
1860 20,589 0.7%
1870 18,177 −11.7%
1880 20,776 14.3%
1890 21,139 1.7%
1900 19,511 −7.7%
1910 17,909 −8.2%
1920 16,965 −5.3%
1930 16,726 −1.4%
1940 17,876 6.9%
1950 18,760 4.9%
1960 21,591 15.1%
1970 23,024 6.6%
1980 29,416 27.8%
1990 32,849 11.7%
2000 38,943 18.6%
2010 42,366 8.8%
2020 44,223 4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020
Amish farmer in Mount Hope, Ohio
Amish farmer plowing fields with horses

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 42,366 people, 12,554 households, and 10,035 families living in the county. The population density was 100.3 inhabitants per square mile (38.7/km2). There were 13,666 housing units at an average density of 32.3 per square mile (12.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.7% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 37.8% were German, 10.8% were American, 6.6% were Irish, and 6.3% were English.

Of the 12,554 households, 42.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.7% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.1% were non-families, and 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.31 and the average family size was 3.80. The median age was 29.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,533 and the median income for a family was $49,133. Males had a median income of $36,644 versus $24,317 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,009. About 10.5% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Amish community

The Amish community in Holmes County established in 1808, had a 17,654 adherents in 2010, or 41.7% of the county's population.

Communities

Map of Holmes County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Holmes County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels
DSCN4624 holmescountyamishbuggy e
Amish couple in a horse-drawn buggy in rural Holmes County
Township Village Other places in township
Berlin Berlin (CDP)
Clark Baltic (north part) Charm (UIC)
Farmerstown (UIC)
Unionville (UIC)
Hardy Millersburg (county seat) Holmes County Airport
Killbuck Killbuck
Knox Nashville (south part)
Mechanic Lake Buckhorn (CDP)
Becks Mills
Saltillo
Monroe Welcome (UIC)
West Holmes High School
Paint Winesburg (CDP)
Prairie Holmesville
Richland Glenmont Stillwell
Ripley Big Prairie (UIC)
Salt Creek Mt. Hope (UIC)
Walnut Creek Walnut Creek (CDP)
Trail (UIC)
Washington Loudonville (east part)
Nashville (north part)
Lakeville (UIC)

CDP = Census-designated place
UIC = Unincorporated community

Transportation

Holmes County Airport (FAA LID: 10G) located two miles southwest of Millersburg.

Amish community

A large Amish community of about 36,000 exists in Northeast-Central Ohio, centered on Holmes County and extending into surrounding counties. The Holmes Old Order Amish affiliation with 140 church districts out of 221 in the Holmes County Amish settlement in 2009 is the main and dominant Amish affiliation. Holmes County houses the highest percentage of Amish of any U.S. county, currently 42 percent of the population, and experts speculate that within 15 years Holmes County may be the first majority Amish county. The Amish & Mennonite Heritage Center in Berlin explains traditional ways of the Amish and provides an illustrated history for visitors in its 10-foot-by-265-foot mural.

The overall Amish population of the area, centered on Holmes County, is the largest Amish community in the world. Called locally "Amish Country", it draws many visitors to the county, thus making tourism an important sector of the local economy.

The Holmes County Amish Settlements have the most diverse Old Order Amish affiliations. The Holmes Old Order Amish affiliation is the main and original affiliation, the Swartzentruber Amish, that also originated in 1917 in Holmes County, has three sub affiliations there. There are also Andy Weaver Amish (formed 1952) and New Order Amish (formed in the early 1960s) there.

Economy

Tourism is an important part of the economy. In 2017, Holmes County was the second most popular tourist destination in Ohio. Tourism is centered on the Amish community, which makes up almost half the county's population, the highest density in the world.

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