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Alliance, Ohio
City of Alliance
Glamorgan Castle
Glamorgan Castle
Carnation City
Location of Alliance in Stark County
Location of Alliance in Stark County
Alliance, Ohio is located in Ohio
Alliance, Ohio
Alliance, Ohio
Location in Ohio
Alliance, Ohio is located in the United States
Alliance, Ohio
Alliance, Ohio
Location in the United States
Alliance, Ohio is located in North America
Alliance, Ohio
Alliance, Ohio
Location in North America
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Stark, Mahoning
 • Total 9.05 sq mi (23.45 km2)
 • Land 9.01 sq mi (23.33 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
1,158 ft (353 m)
 • Total 21,672
 • Density 2,394.7/sq mi (924.18/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 234 & 330
FIPS code 39-01420
GNIS feature ID 1064313

Alliance is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio. Most of the city is located in northeast Stark County while a small portion is in adjacent Mahoning County approximately 16 miles (26 km) northeast of Canton, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Youngstown and 51 miles (82 km) southeast of Cleveland. The population was 21,672 as of the 2020 census. Alliance was established in 1854 by combining three smaller communities. The city was a manufacturing and railroad hub for much of the 20th century and is also associated with the state flower of Ohio, the scarlet carnation, and is known as "The Carnation City". The University of Mount Union, a private liberal arts college established in 1846, is located in Alliance.

Most of the city is part of the Canton–Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion of the city in Mahoning County is within the Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Alliance was founded in 1854 by the merger of three smaller communities called Williamsport (formed in 1827), Freedom (formed in 1838), and Liberty (formed in 1850). A fourth community, Mount Union, was added in 1888. Alliance was incorporated as a city in 1889.

There are two popular theories regarding the origin of the city's name. One holds that it was chosen because of the "alliance" of three small settlements into a larger entity. The other theory says the name reflects the fact that two major railroad lines (the Cleveland and Wellsville Railroad and the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad) intersected in Alliance, once known as "The Crossing".

Alliance is a town where Main Street was originally laid out to bring traffic to the train station, the heart of the city's transportation hub. The railroads were central to industry and personal transportation, bringing in raw materials for factories and sending out finished goods. Due to this, Alliance is sometimes referred to as "The town where Main Street is a dead end."

Historical buildings

Alliance is a town rich with social, industrial and railroad history, with the restored Glamorgan Castle, previous home of the owner of Morgan Engineering, the Haines House, a restored underground railroad home, and the Mabel Hartzell historic home. The name of Levi L. Lamborn, the man who cultivated the scarlet carnation, Ohio's state flower, can still be seen on the facade of a building in the old downtown district. The Richardsonian Romanesque stone house of the Devine family is currently being renovated. The historic downtown area is experiencing a gradual renaissance, with the opening of a Saturday Farmers' Market on Main Street near the historic Caboose, and the renovation of a storefront on Main Street as an art gallery and live performance space, joining a scattering of antique shops and other businesses.

The Cat Fanciers' Association relocated to the former Midland-Buckeye bank, at 260 East Main Street, in June 2011, opening the CFA Foundation's Feline Historical Museum, the first of its kind of the United States.

Alliance was also home to the World War History & Art Museum,located in College Plaza at 1300 East State Street. WWHAM had a dozen exhibits including a world class collection of 320 original paintings and drawings by the troops of World War I, an HO scale model of the German 2nd Panzer Division in 1944, and original art by the pilots and airmen of World War II. It closed to the public on April 17, 2014 and now does traveling shows.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.96 square miles (23.21 km2), of which 8.92 square miles (23.10 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. There are no lakes within city limits, although the Mahoning River flows through the northeast part of the city.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 315
1850 500 58.7%
1860 1,421 184.2%
1870 4,063 185.9%
1880 4,636 14.1%
1890 7,607 64.1%
1900 8,974 18.0%
1910 15,083 68.1%
1920 21,603 43.2%
1930 23,047 6.7%
1940 22,405 −2.8%
1950 26,161 16.8%
1960 28,362 8.4%
1970 26,547 −6.4%
1980 24,322 −8.4%
1990 23,376 −3.9%
2000 23,253 −0.5%
2010 22,322 −4.0%
2020 21,672 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 22,322 people, 8,631 households, and 5,232 families living in the city. The population density was 2,502.5 inhabitants per square mile (966.2/km2). There were 10,022 housing units at an average density of 1,123.5 per square mile (433.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.6% White, 10.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 8,631 households, of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 35.3 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 16.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.


Alliance is served by Amtrak's Capitol Limited between Chicago and Washington D.C, via Alliance Station, located at 820 East Main Street. The municipality is also served by the Stark Area Regional Transit Authority (SARTA) bus system.

The Carnation City

Alliance is commonly referred to as the Carnation City, having been given that designation by the Ohio General Assembly in 1959. Alliance gave Ohio its official state flower, the scarlet carnation. Alliance's association with the carnation began in 1866 when an Alliance doctor, Levi L. Lamborn, purchased six potted carnation plants to grow in a greenhouse at his house. At that time this flower was rarely cultivated in the United States. In 1876 Lamborn ran against William McKinley for the Congressional seat from this district. The two men were personal friends, although they were political opponents. McKinley had expressed his admiration for Lamborn's carnations, so before each of their political debates Lamborn gave McKinley a carnation to wear on his lapel. Mr. McKinley won the election and associated the carnation with his success, and wore carnations during his successful campaigns for Governor of Ohio and then President of the United States.

In 1884 Lamborn suggested that Ohio should make the carnation a state emblem. In 1904, three years after President McKinley's assassination, the Ohio General Assembly designated the scarlet carnation as the official state flower as a "token of love and reverence to the memory of William McKinley". On 29 January of each year (President McKinley's birth anniversary), a bouquet of red carnations is placed in the hands of McKinley's statue at the Capitol in Columbus.

Every year since 1960 Alliance has held a Carnation Festival during August.


Primary and secondary schools

Alliance is served by the Alliance City School District, which oversees the only high school in the city. The local Catholic parish school, Holy Cross Academy – Regina Coelli Campus, is overseen by the Diocese of Youngstown and serves students from pre-kindergarten to eighth grade.

Higher education

The University of Mount Union was founded in 1846 and is near the intersection of Union Avenue and State Street. Stark State College offers some classes at its satellite center in Alliance.

Notable people

  • Charles Armstrong, virologist
  • Ken Blackwell, Mayor of Cincinnati
  • Herman Carr, physicist and pioneer of magnetic resonance imaging
  • Len Dawson, 1987 Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee
  • Hilan Ebert, US Naval Academy graduate lost at sea in World War II
  • William Miller Jenkins, 5th Governor of Oklahoma Territory
  • Perry King, actor, star of Riptide
  • Levi L. Lamborn, doctor, horticulturalist, and politician who lived in the city. Grew carnations and urged the state of Ohio to make the scarlet carnation the state flower
  • Yuri Lowenthal, American voice actor
  • Don Panoz, pharmaceutical and motorsport entrepreneur
  • Dymonte Thomas, NFL player
  • Gertrude Tressel Rider, library for the blind
  • Ivan Sag, linguist and cognitive scientist
  • Lorin B. Sebrell, rubber chemist
  • Hugh Wilson, botanist and professor at Texas A&M University

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Alliance (Ohio) para niños

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