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Camp Hill, Alabama
Camp Hill Alabama.JPG
Location in Tallapoosa County and the state of Alabama
Location in Tallapoosa County and the state of Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
County Tallapoosa
Area
 • Total 9.1 sq mi (23.5 km2)
 • Land 9.1 sq mi (23.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
712 ft (217 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,014
 • Density 139.9/sq mi (54.2/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
36850
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code 01-11680
GNIS feature ID 0115465

Camp Hill is a town in Tallapoosa County, Alabama, United States. It was incorporated in 1895. At the 2010 census the population was 1,014, down from 1,273. Camp Hill is the home to Lyman Ward Military Academy.

History

On July 15, 1931, a white mob raided a meeting of the Alabama Sharecroppers' Union which was being held in a church in Camp Hill. A shootout between the mob and union members followed; SCU member Ralph Gray was murdered, several men and women were injured, and at least thirty black men were later arrested (at least four others were lynched). According to Hosea Hudson, all those arrested were eventually released without trial due to public and international pressure—albeit too late to have a chance at raising a crop that year.

Geography

Camp Hill is located at 32°47′57″N 85°39′10″W / 32.79917°N 85.65278°W / 32.79917; -85.65278 (32.799285, -85.652902).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.1 square miles (24 km2), of which 9.1 square miles (24 km2) is land and 0.11% is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 366
1900 686 87.4%
1910 896 30.6%
1920 952 6.3%
1930 1,131 18.8%
1940 1,147 1.4%
1950 1,296 13.0%
1960 1,270 −2.0%
1970 1,554 22.4%
1980 1,628 4.8%
1990 1,415 −13.1%
2000 1,273 −10.0%
2010 1,014 −20.3%
2015 (est.) 981 −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 Estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,273 people, 519 households, and 337 families residing in the town. The population density was 140.4 people per square mile (54.2/km2). There were 614 housing units at an average density of 67.7 per square mile (26.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 84.92% Black or African American, 14.38% White, 0.31% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. 1.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 519 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.5% were married couples living together, 30.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,655, and the median income for a family was $26,719. Males had a median income of $22,833 versus $20,038 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,794. About 21.0% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 31.5% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,014 people, 450 households, and 269 families residing in the town. The population density was 111.4 people per square mile (43.1/km2). There were 581 housing units at an average density of 63.8 per square mile (24.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 88.4% Black or African American, 10.2% White, 0.5% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. .7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 450 households out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.9% were married couples living together, 28.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 20.7% from 25 to 44, 32.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 77.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $18,663, and the median income for a family was $23,646. Males had a median income of $27,083 versus $16,694 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,627. About 37.2% of families and 38.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 55.8% of those under age 18 and 31.3% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Camp Hill has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Camp Hill, Alabama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
15.6
(60)
19.4
(67)
24.4
(76)
28.3
(83)
31.7
(89)
32.8
(91)
32.2
(90)
30.6
(87)
25
(77)
19.4
(67)
14.4
(58)
23.9
(75)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.7
(35)
5.6
(42)
9.4
(49)
13.9
(57)
18.3
(65)
19.4
(67)
19.4
(67)
16.7
(62)
10
(50)
4.4
(40)
1.7
(35)
10
(50)
Precipitation mm (inches) 130
(5.1)
130
(5.1)
155
(6.1)
119
(4.7)
94
(3.7)
99
(3.9)
135
(5.3)
109
(4.3)
91
(3.6)
69
(2.7)
84
(3.3)
132
(5.2)
1,344
(52.9)
Source: Weatherbase
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