Booker T. Washington facts for kids
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Booker T. Washington
Booker T. Washington in 1905
Booker Taliaferro Washington
April 18, 1856
Hale's Ford, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||November 14, 1915
Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
|Resting place||Tuskegee University|
|Alma mater||Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute
|Occupation||Educator, author, and African American civil rights leader|
|Opponent(s)||W. E. B. Du Bois|
|Spouse(s)||Fannie N. Smith
(1882–1884, her death)
Olivia A. Davidson
(1886–1889, her death)
Margaret James Murray
(1893–1915, his death)
|Children||Portia M. Washington
Booker T. Washington Jr.
Ernest Davidson Washington
Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856, – November 14, 1915) was an American political leader, teacher and author. He was born into slavery, but was eventually freed. He was one of the most important people in African American history in the United States from 1890 to 1915.
Washington believed that in order to create a peaceful post-slavery society, black and white people needed become friends with each other.
He saw violence and protests against discrimination of blacks as holding grudges between the races. Washington also stated that freed blacks should not aim for Congress right away, they needed to start by being able to support themselves economically.
Visit to president
Washington was invited to dinner by President Theodore Roosevelt. The President wanted to appoint Washington to advise him on issues of race. This upset some American people. African Americans had visited the White House before but had never been asked to dine there. In reaction several newspapers published a racist poem relating to black people in the White House. The poem was published again when the wife of Representative Oscar DePriest had tea with wife of President Herbert Hoover.
Interesting facts about Booker T. Washington
- Booker T. Washington was born into slavery and never knew the day, month, and year of his birth.
- He was an adviser to multiple presidents of the United States.
- He was one of the founders of the National Negro Business League.
- Booker worked in salt furnaces and coal mines in West Virginia for several years to earn money.
- Booker's middle name “Taliaferro” is Italian. It was a common last name in the South. He chose the last name Washington when he was enrolled in his first school.
- Booker T. Washington was married 3 times and had 3 children, Portia M. Washington, Booker T. Washington Jr. and Ernest Davidson Washington.
- He thought that education was important for African Americans so they could prosper and become independent.
- His autobiography, Up from Slavery, first published in 1901, is still widely read in the early 21st century.
- He was the first African American to be featured on a postage stamp.
Images for kids
Booker T. Washington Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.