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Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left, 1913 (cropped).jpg
Carnegie in 1913
Born (1835-11-25)November 25, 1835
Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
Died August 11, 1919(1919-08-11) (aged 83)
Resting place Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Sleepy Hollow, New York, U.S.
Occupation Industrialist, Philanthropist
Known for Founding and leading the Carnegie Steel Company
Founding the Carnegie Library, Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, and the Carnegie Hero Fund
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Louise Whitfield (m. 1887)
Children Margaret Carnegie Miller
Parent(s) William Carnegie
Margaret Morrison Carnegie
Relatives Thomas M. Carnegie (Brother) George Lauder (1st Cousin) George Lauder, Sr. (Uncle)
Signature
Andrew Carnegie signature.svg

Andrew Carnegie (November 25, 1835 – August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American businessman. He ran U.S. Steel, a major steel making corporation. When he retired, he was one of the richest men in America. He used his large amounts of money to fund charities. These charities gave money to universities. He had a hall built for himself (called Carnegie Hall), and he also built public libraries (called Carnegie Libraries).

Andrew Carnegie was very charitable in the will he created through the State of New York. In his will, he gave monetary gifts to several funds, institutions, societies, and to Pittsburgh University. He also gave gifts to his employees and family. Carnegie had given away nearly $350, 000, 000 on charities, pensions, schools, libraries, and museums. Carnegie had given all of that amount of money because after a disaster happened outside his company people thought he was a bad person. He thought by giving away all that money people would think he was good.

He died on August 11, 1919.

Personal life

Carnegie did not want to marry during his mother's lifetime, instead choosing to take care of her in her illness towards the end of her life. After she died in 1886, the 51-year-old Carnegie married Louise Whitfield, who was 21 years his junior. In 1897, the couple had their only child, a daughter, whom they named after Carnegie's mother, Margaret.

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