Macomb, Illinois facts for kids

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Macomb, Illinois
Macomb Square, 2006
Macomb Square, 2006
Location of Macomb, Illinois
Location of Macomb, Illinois
Country United States
State Illinois
County McDonough
Incorporated 1830
Area
 • Total 11.12 sq mi (28.8 km2)
 • Land 10.69 sq mi (27.7 km2)
 • Water 0.43 sq mi (1.1 km2)  3.87%
Population (2014)
 • Total 21,516
 • Density 1,803.6/sq mi (696.4/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 309
Website www.cityofmacomb.com

Macomb /məˈkm/ is a city in and the county seat of McDonough County, Illinois, United States. It is situated in western Illinois, southwest of Galesburg. The city is about 75 miles southwest of Peoria and 77 miles southeast of the Quad Cities. A special census held in 2014 placed the city's population at 21,516. Macomb is the home of Western Illinois University.

History

Origin

Macomb Public Library
A Carnegie library, Macomb, Illinois

First settled in 1829 on a site tentatively named Washington, the town was officially founded in 1830 as the county seat of McDonough County and given the name Macomb after General Alexander Macomb, a general in the War of 1812. War veterans were given land grants in the Macomb area, which was part of the "Military Tract" set aside by Congress. In 1855 the Northern Cross Railroad, a predecessor to the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, was constructed through Macomb, leading to a rise in the town's population. In 1899 the Western Illinois State Normal School, later Western Illinois University, was founded in Macomb. Representative Lawrence Sherman was instrumental in locating the school in Macomb. In 1903 the Macomb and Western Illinois Railway was built from Macomb to nearby Industry and Littleton by local financier Charles V. Chandler, though this railroad was abandoned in 1930. In 1918, construction on Illinois Route 3 was begun as a state financed highway from Cairo to Rock Island through Macomb; in the late 1920s U.S. Route 67 was extended along this route to Dubuque, Iowa.

Presidential visits

Macomb has been visited by several US Presidents over the years. Ulysses S. Grant, Andrew Johnson, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt have all made short addresses in Macomb. On two occasions, Abraham Lincoln and Barack Obama addressed large audiences prior to their election as president. Obama was actually stumping for state senate at the time, meaning a president or presidential nominee has not visited Macomb in 109 years and counting.

St. Louis Rams Summer Camp

Macomb was home to the St. Louis Rams' football summer training camp from 1996-2004. In 2005, the Rams decided to move summer training to their own facilities in St. Louis, Missouri, ending the nine-year relationship.

Geography

Macomb is located at 40°27′38″N 90°40′27″W / 40.46056°N 90.67417°W / 40.46056; -90.67417 (40.460501, -90.674048). The East Fork Lamoine River flows past the northern part of the city.

According to the 2010 census, Macomb has a total area of 11.121 square miles (28.80 km2), of which 10.69 square miles (27.69 km2) (or 96.12%) is land and 0.431 square miles (1.12 km2) (or 3.88%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 756
1860 1,834 142.6%
1870 2,748 49.8%
1880 3,140 14.3%
1890 4,052 29.0%
1900 5,375 32.7%
1910 5,774 7.4%
1920 6,714 16.3%
1930 8,509 26.7%
1940 8,764 3.0%
1950 10,592 20.9%
1960 12,135 14.6%
1970 19,643 61.9%
1980 19,863 1.1%
1990 19,952 0.4%
2000 18,558 −7.0%
2010 19,288 3.9%
Est. 2015 18,547 −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there are 18,558 people, 6,575 households, and 2,952 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,884.2 people per square mile (727.4/km²). There are 7,037 housing units at an average density of 714.5 per square mile (275.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 88.73% White, 5.93% African American, 3.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,575 households out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.1% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the city, the population was spread out with 12.6% under the age of 18, 42.9% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,994, and the median income for a family was $42,069. Males had a median income of $27,663 versus $21,780 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,470. 29.1% of the population and 12.2% of families were below the poverty line. 22.8% of those under the age of 18 and 8.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Map highlighting Macomb City Township, McDonough County, Illinois
Outline of the Township area and the City of Macomb in McDonough County

Transportation

  • Macomb (Amtrak station)
  • Go West Transit
  • Go West Transit Live Bus Tracking

Attractions and entertainment

  • The Forum Music Concerts
  • WIU Sporting Events
  • Geology Museum
  • The Old Bailey House
  • University Art Gallery Museum
  • Western Illinois Museum
  • Convention Bureau
  • Macomb Community Theater
  • Starry Night Repertory Theatre
  • Macomb Balloon Rally

Events

Heritage Days A01 7848 640x427
Heritage Days Parade, 2005
  • February - WIU Ag Mech Show, WIU Jazz Festival
  • June - Macomb Heritage Days
  • September - Macomb Balloon Rally, Al Sears Jazz Festival
  • October - WIU Homecoming Parade, WIU Dad's Weekend Fishing Tournament
  • November - Festival of Trees
  • December - Dickens on the Square

Outdoor recreation

  • Argyle Lake State Park (located in nearby Colchester)
  • Harry Mussatto Golf Course
  • Lakeview Nature Center
  • Macomb Park District
  • Spring Lake Park

Images for kids


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