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Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson.jpg
17th President of the United States
In office
April 15, 1865 – March 3, 1869
Vice President none
Preceded by Abraham Lincoln
Succeeded by Ulysses S. Grant
16th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1865 – April 15, 1865
President Abraham Lincoln
Preceded by Hannibal Hamlin
Succeeded by Schuyler Colfax
Personal details
Born (1808-12-29)December 29, 1808
Raleigh, North Carolina
Died July 31, 1875(1875-07-31) (aged 66)
Greeneville, Tennessee
Nationality American
Political party Democratic (elected on National Union ticket)
Spouse(s) Eliza McCardle Johnson

Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the 16th Vice-President and 17th President of the United States.

Early life

Johnson was born in Raleigh, North Carolina in 1808. He was apprenticed as a tailor.

Political career

Before becoming Vice-President, he was a Governor and U.S. Senator from Tennessee. When Tennessee and ten other Southern slave states declared they were no longer part of the United States, he was the only member from such a state to not quit his seat in the U.S. Congress. A southern Democrat, he was elected as Abraham Lincoln's vice-president on a "National Union" ticket in 1864.

He became president in 1865 after Abraham Lincoln was killed. Congress was then run by Republicans, and after Lincoln's assassination, they wanted stricter terms than Johnson did for the Reconstruction of the Southern states that had rebelled. As a result, he vetoed 29 bills passed by Congress, and is the president to have the most vetoes overridden (15) by Congress.

He was also the first President to be impeached, but was later acquitted by one vote, and finished the rest of his term. The only U.S. president never to have gone to school, he was later taught to read by his wife, Eliza McCardle Johnson. The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million (the price was 2 cents per acre) while he was president.

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