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Andrew Johnson
Monochrome photograph of the upper body of Andrew Johnson
17th President of the United States
In office
April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869
Vice President None
Preceded by Abraham Lincoln
Succeeded by Ulysses S. Grant
16th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1865 – April 15, 1865
President Abraham Lincoln
Preceded by Hannibal Hamlin
Succeeded by Schuyler Colfax
United States Senator
from Tennessee
In office
March 4, 1875 – July 31, 1875
Preceded by William Gannaway Brownlow
Succeeded by David M. Key
In office
October 8, 1857 – March 4, 1862
Preceded by James C. Jones
Succeeded by David T. Patterson
Military Governor of Tennessee
In office
March 12, 1862 – March 4, 1865
Appointed by Abraham Lincoln
Preceded by Isham G. Harris
(Governor of Tennessee)
Succeeded by William Gannaway Brownlow
(Governor of Tennessee)
15th Governor of Tennessee
In office
October 17, 1853 – November 3, 1857
Preceded by William B. Campbell
Succeeded by Isham G. Harris
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1853
Preceded by Thomas Dickens Arnold
Succeeded by Brookins Campbell
Mayor of Greeneville, Tennessee
In office
1834–1835
Personal details
Born (1808-12-29)December 29, 1808
Raleigh, North Carolina
Died July 31, 1875(1875-07-31) (aged 66)
Elizabethton, Tennessee
Resting place Andrew Johnson National Cemetery
Greeneville, Tennessee
Political party Democratic
Other political
affiliations
National Union (1864–1868)
Spouse(s)
Eliza McCardle (m. 1827)
Children 5
Parents
  • Jacob Johnson
  • Mary McDonough
Profession Tailor
Signature Cursive signature in ink
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Branch/service

Seal of the United States Board of War.png United States Army

Years of service 1862–1865
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the 16th Vice-President and 17th President of the United States. He was the first president to be impeached, but he was not removed from office. This happened because he fired the Secretary of War even though Congress made it illegal. However, Congress disliked him because he didn't want to help former slaves as much.

Early life

Johnson was born in Raleigh, North Carolina in 1808. He was apprenticed as a tailor.

Political career

Before becoming Vice-President, he was a Governor and U.S. Senator from Tennessee. When Tennessee and ten other Southern slave states declared they were no longer part of the United States, he was the only member from such a state to not quit his seat in the U.S. Congress. A southern Democrat, he was elected as Abraham Lincoln's vice-president on a "National Union" ticket in 1864.

He became president in 1865 after Abraham Lincoln was killed. Congress was then run by Republicans, and after Lincoln's assassination, they wanted stricter terms than Johnson did for the Reconstruction of the Southern states that had rebelled. As a result, he vetoed 29 bills passed by Congress, and is the president to have the most vetoes overridden (15) by Congress.

He was also the first President to be impeached, but was later acquitted by one vote, and finished the rest of his term. The only U.S. president never to have gone to school, he was later taught to read by his wife, Eliza McCardle Johnson. The U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million (the price was 2 cents per acre) while he was president.



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